Document Detail


Effect of US identity on elimination and recovery of autoshaped responding with explicitly unpaired and degraded contingency extinction procedures.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17045760     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The depressive effects of noncontingent and explicitly unpaired food unconditioned stimuli (USs) and the recovery from those effects on autoshaped responding were examined in a series of experiments with pigeons. In Experiments 1 and 2, responding to a keylight conditioned stimulus (CS) previously paired with food was depressed equally by explicitly unpaired presentations of either that same food or a different food. Furthermore, responding recovered equally following removal of the explicitly unpaired foods. In contrast, Experiments 3 and 4 showed that noncontingent presentations of a food US depressed responding more to a keylight CS paired with that same food than to a keylight CS paired with a different food. Moreover, removal of the noncontingent foods led to complete recovery but more rapid extinction of responding to the same keylight relative to the different keylight. The implications of these results for understanding the mechanisms underlying depression and recovery of responding following degraded contingency and explicitly unpaired extinction procedures are discussed.
Authors:
Ruth M Colwill
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.     Date:  2006-10-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Behavioural processes     Volume:  74     ISSN:  0376-6357     ISO Abbreviation:  Behav. Processes     Publication Date:  2007 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2006-12-12     Completed Date:  2007-03-13     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7703854     Medline TA:  Behav Processes     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1-12     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Brown University, Providence, RI 02912, USA. ruth_colwill@brown.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Behavior, Animal
Columbidae
Conditioning, Classical / physiology*
Extinction, Psychological*
Feeding Behavior
Female
Learning
Recovery of Function*
Reinforcement (Psychology)

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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