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Effect of U50,488H, a κ-opioid receptor agonist on myocardial α-and β-myosin heavy chain expression and oxidative stress associated with isoproterenol-induced cardiac hypertrophy in rat.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20730476     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Both oxidative stress and β-MHC expression are associated with pathological cardiac hypertrophy. β-adrenergic receptor stimulation plays an important role in cardiac hypertrophy. Recent studies have reported a negative interplay between opioid receptors and adrenoceptors in heart. This study investigated the effect of U50,488H (a selective κ-opioid receptor agonist) on myocardial oxidative stress and α- and β-MHC expression in isoproterenol-induced cardiac hypertrophy. Male Wistar rats were administered normal saline (control), isoproterenol (ISO) (5 mg/kg BW s.c. OD), and isoproterenol with U50,488H (0.4 and 0.6 mg/kg BW, i.p. OD) for 14 days. In a separate group, nor-binaltorphimine (nor-BNI) (0.5 mg/kg, BW, i.p.) (κ-receptor antagonist) was administered along with ISO and U50,488H. ISO administration caused significant increase in left ventricular (LV) wall thicknesses, LV mass in echocardiography, heart weight to body weight ratio, and myocyte size as compared to control. Both the doses of U50,488H offered significant protection against these changes. The higher dose of U50,488H significantly prevented ISO-induced increase in myocardial lipid peroxidation and depletion of myocardial antioxidants (glutathione, superoxide dismutase, and catalase), while a similar trend (although not significant) was observed with the lower dose also. ISO-induced myocardial fibrosis was also significantly attenuated by both the doses of U50,488H. Isoproterenol-induced β-MHC expression in the hypertrophied heart was not altered by either doses of U50,488H, however, the latter prevented the loss of myocardial α-MHC expression. All these effects of U50,488H were blocked by nor-BNI. This study provides the evidence that U50,488H reduced oxidative stress and preserved expression of α-MHC in isoproterenol-induced cardiac hypertrophy.
Authors:
Amardeep Jaiswal; Santosh Kumar; Sandeep Seth; Amit Kumar Dinda; Subir Kumar Maulik
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-08-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular and cellular biochemistry     Volume:  345     ISSN:  1573-4919     ISO Abbreviation:  Mol. Cell. Biochem.     Publication Date:  2010 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-05     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0364456     Medline TA:  Mol Cell Biochem     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  231-40     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Pharmacology, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, Room No. 4017, Ansari Nagar, New Delhi, 110 029, India.
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