Document Detail

Effect of type I tympanoplasty on the resonant frequency of the middle ear: comparison between chondrotympanoplasty and temporalis fascia grafting.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22498263     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
AIMS: To evaluate the effect of type I chondrotympanoplasty on the resonant frequency (RF) of the middle ear and compare it to the respective outcomes of type I tympanoplasty using temporalis fascia grafting (TFG). Hearing results and respective graft integration rates were also assessed.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective comparative study was conducted of patients who had undergone type I tympanoplasty at a tertiary university hospital. Selection criteria included tympanic membrane perforation following chronic otitis media, trauma, or grommet insertion; an intact ossicular chain; a dry ear for at least 3 months; and normal middle ear mucosa. Patients with ossicular discontinuity, ossiculoplasty, cholesteatoma, previous ear surgery, syndromes affecting the middle ear, or younger than 16 years old were excluded.
RESULTS: Sixty-nine patients met the inclusion criteria; chondrotympanoplasty was performed in 39 and TFG in 30. Three patients showed incomplete tympanic membrane closure at follow-up. The graft integration rate was 97.4% in the chondrotympanoplasty group and 93.3% in the TFG group. An air-bone gap closure within 10 dB was achieved in 73.7% of the chondrotympanoplasty patients versus 67.9% of the TFG patients. Hearing gain of 21 to 30 dB in air conduction thresholds was obtained in 65.8% of the chondrotympanoplasty patients and 60.7% of their TFG counterparts. RF was 808 ± 458 Hz in the chondrotympanoplasty group and 628 ± 256 Hz in the TFG group. The RF remained within the normal range in 73.7% of chondrotympanoplasty patients versus 42.9% of TFG patients.
CONCLUSIONS: Chondrotympanoplasty has hearing results comparable to those of TFG myringoplasty. The cartilage can be used without concerns regarding its impact on the middle ear mechanics as the sound-conducive properties of the tympanic membrane remain unchanged.
Emily Iacovou; Petros V Vlastarakos; Angie Panagiotakopoulou; Marina Chrysostomou; Dimitrios Kandiloros; George Adamopoulos; Eleftherios Ferekidis
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of otolaryngology - head & neck surgery = Le Journal d'oto-rhino-laryngologie et de chirurgie cervico-faciale     Volume:  41     ISSN:  1916-0216     ISO Abbreviation:  J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-04-13     Completed Date:  2012-08-21     Revised Date:  2013-04-10    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101479544     Medline TA:  J Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  14-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Otolaryngology, General Hospital of Larnaca, Larnaca, Cyprus.
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MeSH Terms
Cartilage / transplantation*
Chronic Disease
Fascia / transplantation*
Follow-Up Studies
Hearing / physiology*
Middle Aged
Otitis Media / physiopathology,  surgery*
Retrospective Studies
Surgical Flaps*
Treatment Outcome
Tympanic Membrane / physiopathology,  surgery*
Tympanoplasty / methods*
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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