Document Detail


Effect of slow-velocity lengthening contractions on muscle damage induced by fast-velocity lengthening contractions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19966583     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study tested the hypothesis that the first exercise bout consisting of slow-velocity (30° · s(-1)) maximal lengthening contractions would not affect muscle damage in a subsequent bout consisting of fast-velocity (210° · s(-1)) lengthening contractions. Eighteen men were randomly assigned into either a repeated bout group (n = 10) or control group (n = 8). The repeated bout group performed 2 bouts of exercise consisting of 210 maximal lengthening contractions of the elbow flexors separated by 14 days at a velocity of 30° · s(-1) for the first and 210° · s(-1) for the second bout. The control group performed a single bout of the fast-velocity exercise. Changes in maximal isometric strength, range of motion (ROM), upper-arm circumference, muscle thickness, muscle soreness, serum creatine kinase, and lactate dehydrogenase activities were measured before, immediately after, and 24 to 96 hours after exercise. The repeated bout group showed significantly (p < 0.05) smaller changes in all criterion measures except for muscle soreness after the fast-velocity exercise compared with the control group. A significant (p < 0.05) difference was evident only for ROM between the slow- and fast-velocity bouts of the repeated bout group. These results suggest that slow-velocity exercise reduced muscle damage induced by fast-velocity exercise, although the reduction was not large.
Authors:
Dale W Chapman; Michael J Newton; Michael R McGuigan; Kazunori Nosaka
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1533-4287     ISO Abbreviation:  J Strength Cond Res     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-12-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9415084     Medline TA:  J Strength Cond Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  211-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
School of Exercise, Biomedical and Health Sciences, Edith Cowan University Joondalup, Western Australia, Australia. dale.chapman@ausport.gov.au
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From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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