Document Detail

Effect of mother/infant skin-to-skin contact on postpartum depressive symptoms and maternal physiological stress.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22537390     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the effect of mother/infant skin-to-skin contact (SSC) on mothers' postpartum depressive symptoms during the first 3 postpartum months and their physiological stress during the first postpartum month.
DESIGN: Longitudinal quasi-experiment.
SETTING: Data were collected during home visits.
PARTICIPANTS: Mothers in the SSC group (n = 30) provided approximately 5 hours per day of SSC with their infants in the infants' first week and then more than 2 hours per day until the infants were age one month. Mothers in the control group (n = 60) provided little or no SSC. All mothers had full-term infants.
METHODS: Mothers completed self-report depression scales when infants were 1 week, 1 month, 2 months, and 3 months of age.
RESULTS: Compared to mothers in the control group, mothers in the SSC group had lower scores on the depression scales when the infants were one week and marginally lower scores when the infants were one month; when the infants were age 2 and 3 months, there were no differences between groups in the mothers' depression scores. Over their infants' first month, mothers in the SSC group had a greater reduction in their salivary cortisol than mothers in the control group.
CONCLUSION: Mother/infant SSC benefits mothers by reducing their depressive symptoms and physiological stress in the postpartum period.
Ann Bigelow; Michelle Power; Janis MacLellan-Peters; Marion Alex; Claudette McDonald
Publication Detail:
Type:  Controlled Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-04-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of obstetric, gynecologic, and neonatal nursing : JOGNN / NAACOG     Volume:  41     ISSN:  1552-6909     ISO Abbreviation:  J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs     Publication Date:    2012 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-07-27     Completed Date:  2012-12-20     Revised Date:  2013-02-13    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8503123     Medline TA:  J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  369-82     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Copyright Information:
© 2012 AWHONN, the Association of Women's Health, Obstetric and Neonatal Nurses.
Psychology Department, St. Francis Xavier University, Antigonish, Nova Scotia, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Breast Feeding
Depression, Postpartum / physiopathology,  prevention & control*
Hydrocortisone / metabolism
Infant, Newborn
Linear Models
Longitudinal Studies
Mother-Child Relations*
Mothers / psychology*
Stress, Physiological*
Reg. No./Substance:
Erratum In:
J Obstet Gynecol Neonatal Nurs. 2012 Jul-Aug;41(4):580

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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