Document Detail

Effect of Prostaglandin E1 on Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Following Corrective Surgery for Congenital Heart Disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22203134     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Objective: To evaluate the therapeutic effects of prostaglandin E(1) (PGE(1)) on residual pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) after corrective surgery for congenital heart disease. Methods: Thirty-one patients with postoperational PAH were randomly divided into control group (n = 15) and PGE(1) group (n = 16, 6 courses of intravenous PGE(1) plus conventional therapy). Mean pulmonary arterial pressure (MPAP), right ventricular ejection fraction (RVEF), and left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) were measured by echocardiography before and 3, 6, and 12 months after the treatment. Arterial oxygen pressure (PaO(2)) was monitored. Results: In both groups, MPAP decreased and RVEF, LVEF, and PaO(2) increased at 6 and 12 months following surgery. In the PGE(1) group, the MPAP (32.2 ± 5.2 vs 40.2 ± 5.1 mm Hg; P = .008) was lower and RVEF (66.6% ± 6.5% vs 54.9% ± 2.1%; P = .019), LVEF (65.9% ± 3.9% vs 53.5% ± 5.1%; P = .031), and PaO(2) (94.3% ± 11.2% vs 93.1% ± 11.3%; P = .009) was higher than in the control group 12 months after the surgery. Four patients (26.7%) in the control group died of pulmonary hypertension crisis, but there was no death in the PGE(1) group (P = .029). Cumulative survival rate in the control group were 86.7%, 80%, 73.3%, and 73.3% at 1, 2, 3, and 5 years, respectively. Conclusions: Intravenous PGE(1) therapy after corrective surgery for congenital heart disease was associated with a reduction in mean pulmonary arterial pressure and a lower risk of death.
Ming-Feng Dong; Zeng-Shan Ma; Sheng-Jun Ma; Shou-Dong Chai; Pei-Zhe Tang; Dao-Kuo Yao; Lexin Wang
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-12-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology and therapeutics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1940-4034     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-12-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9602617     Medline TA:  J Cardiovasc Pharmacol Ther     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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