Document Detail


The Effect of Prices on Cigarette Use Among Youths in the Global Youth Tobacco Survey.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23709614     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
INTRODUCTION: We estimate the impact of cigarette prices on youth smoking in 38 countries of the Global Youth Tobacco Survey. METHODS: We use a 2-part model of cigarette demand. In the first part, we estimate the impact of prices on the decision to smoke. Conditional on smoking, we then estimate the effect of price on the number of cigarettes smoked. We employ 2-way fixed effects to address country-level time-invariant heterogeneity and control for an array of local-level variables to address local-level heterogeneity. RESULTS: The estimated total price elasticity is -1.5 for a sample that contains both high-income and low- and middle-income countries. Constraining the sample to only low- and middle-income countries, we find a total price elasticity of -2.2, suggesting that smoking among youths in low-income countries is more responsive to cigarette price changes. CONCLUSION: Cigarette price increases are highly effective in reducing smoking prevalence and consumption among youths globally, and particularly among youths in low- and middle-income countries.
Authors:
Silda Nikaj; Frank J Chaloupka
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-5-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nicotine & tobacco research : official journal of the Society for Research on Nicotine and Tobacco     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1469-994X     ISO Abbreviation:  Nicotine Tob. Res.     Publication Date:  2013 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-5-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9815751     Medline TA:  Nicotine Tob Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Economics, Texas Christian University, Fort Worth, TX;
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