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The Effect of an Osmotic Contrast Agent on Complete Meconium Evacuation in Preterm Infants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23184118     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE:To determine whether enteral application of the osmotic contrast agent Gastrografin accelerates complete meconium excretion and improves feeding tolerance in very low birth weight infants.METHODS:This study was a stratified, randomized, placebo-controlled trial in premature infants with a birth weight <1500 g and a gestational age <32 weeks who received 3 mL/kg Gastrografin diluted 1:3 with water within their first 24 hours of life, or placebo.RESULTS:Passage of last meconium occurred after a median of 7 days (95% confidence interval: 6-9 days, n = 39) in the intervention group and after 8 days (95% confidence interval: 7-10 days, n = 39) in the control group (P = .61); however, Gastrografin application was associated with a 7.5-day shorter time to full enteral feedings, a 24-day shorter stay in the NICU, and a 17-day reduction in the overall hospital stay in the intervention group compared with the control group. A numerically higher incidence of necrotizing enterocolitis (21%) was observed in the intervention group, however.CONCLUSIONS:Gastrografin application did not accelerate meconium evacuation, but the higher stool frequency during the first week of life had a beneficial effect on the time to full enteral feedings and later hospital stay; however, it may increase the necrotizing enterocolitis risk. Further investigations are needed with modified protocols, and the prophylactic use of Gastrografin cannot currently be recommended without further clinical trials.
Authors:
Nadja Haiden; Florentine Norooz; Kathrin Klebermass-Schrehof; Anna Sophie Horak; Bernd Jilma; Angelika Berger; Andreas Repa
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1098-4275     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatrics     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376422     Medline TA:  Pediatrics     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Division of Neonatology, Intensive Care and Neuropediatrics, Department of Pediatrics, and.
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