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Effect of Molecular Crowding on the Temperature-Pressure Stability Diagram of Ribonuclease A.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23281099     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
FT-IR spectroscopic and thermodynamic measurements were designed to explore the effect of a macromolecular crowder, dextran, on the temperature and pressure-dependent phase diagram of the protein Ribonuclease A (RNase A), and we compare the experimental data with approximate theoretical predictions based on configuration entropy. Exploring the crowding effect on the pressure-induced unfolding of proteins provides insight in protein stability and folding under cell-like dense conditions, since pressure is a fundamental thermodynamic variable linked to molecular volume. Moreover, these studies are of relevance for understanding protein stability in deep-sea organisms, which have to cope with pressures in the kbar range. We found that not only temperature-induced equilibrium unfolding of RNase A, but also unfolding induced by pressure is markedly prohibited in the crowded dextran solutions, suggesting that crowded environments such as those found intracellularly, will also oppress high-pressure protein unfolding. The FT-IR spectroscopic measurements revealed a marked increase in unfolding pressure of 2 kbar in the presence of 30 wt % dextran. Whereas the structural changes upon thermal unfolding of the protein are not significantly influenced in the presence of the crowding agent, through stabilization by dextran the pressure-unfolded state of the protein retains more ordered secondary structure elements, which seems to be a manifestation of the entropic destabilization of the unfolded state by crowding.
Authors:
Yong Zhai; Roland Winter
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-12-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chemphyschem : a European journal of chemical physics and physical chemistry     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1439-7641     ISO Abbreviation:  Chemphyschem     Publication Date:  2012 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-2     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100954211     Medline TA:  Chemphyschem     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Affiliation:
Physical Chemistry I - Biophysical Chemistry, Faculty of Chemistry, TU Dortmund University, Otto-Hahn-Str. 6, 44227 Dortmund (Germany), Fax: (+49) 231 755 3901.
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