Document Detail

Effect of maternal age and growth on placental nutrient transport: potential mechanisms for teenagers' predisposition to small-for-gestational-age birth?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22028413     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Teenagers have an increased risk of delivering small-for-gestational-age (SGA) infants. Young maternal age and continued skeletal growth have been implicated as causal factors. In growing adolescent sheep, impaired placental development and nutrient transfer cause reduced birth weight. In human pregnancies, SGA is associated with reduced placental amino acid transport. Maternal growth has no effect on placental morphology or cell turnover, but growing teenagers have higher birth weight:placental weight ratios than nongrowing teenagers. We hypothesized that placental nutrient transporter activity would be affected by maternal age and/or growth status. Placentas from teenagers and adults were collected. Teenagers were defined as growing or nongrowing based on knee height measurements. System A amino acid transporter activity was quantified as sodium-dependent uptake of [(14)C]methylaminoisobutyric acid into placental fragments. Teenagers had lower placental system A activity than adults (P < 0.05). In adults, placental system A activity was lower in SGA infants than appropriate-for-gestational-age (AGA) infants (P < 0.05). In teenagers, AGA and SGA infants had lower placental system A activity than AGA infants born to adults (P < 0.05). Placental system A activity was higher in growing teenagers than in nongrowing teenagers (P < 0.001). Placental mRNA expression of system A transporter isoforms SLC38A1 and -2 was lower in teenagers than in adults (P < 0.05) but did not differ between growing and nongrowing teenagers. There was no difference in transporter protein expression/localization between cohorts. Teenagers have inherently reduced placental transport, which may underlie their susceptibility to delivering SGA infants. Growing teenagers appear to overcome this susceptibility by stimulating the activity, but not expression, of system A transporters.
Christina E Hayward; Susan L Greenwood; Colin P Sibley; Philip N Baker; John R G Challis; Rebecca L Jones
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2011-10-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of physiology. Endocrinology and metabolism     Volume:  302     ISSN:  1522-1555     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Physiol. Endocrinol. Metab.     Publication Date:  2012 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-04     Completed Date:  2012-02-16     Revised Date:  2013-06-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100901226     Medline TA:  Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  E233-42     Citation Subset:  IM    
Maternal and Fetal Health Research Centre, St Mary's Hospital, Oxford Road, Manchester, UK.
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MeSH Terms
Amino Acid Transport System A / metabolism*
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Small for Gestational Age / metabolism*
Maternal Age*
Placenta / metabolism*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Amino Acid Transport System A

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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