Document Detail


The Effect of Isoflurane on Survival and Myocardial Infarction: A Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Studies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22819469     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The aim of this meta-analysis was to investigate the cardioprotective properties of isoflurane versus any comparator in terms of the rate of myocardial infarction and all-cause mortality. DESIGN: Pertinent studies were searched independently in Biomed, Central, PubMed, Embase, and the Cochrane Central Register of clinical trials. The primary endpoint was mortality at the longest follow-up available. SETTING: A hospital. PARTICIPANTS: Randomized controlled trials. INTERVENTION: A meta-analysis of 37 trials. MEASUREMENTS AND MAIN RESULTS: The 37 included trials randomized 3,539 patients in cardiac (16 studies) and in noncardiac surgery (21 studies) with noninhalation comparators in 55% of trials. The overall analysis showed no difference in mortality between the isoflurane and control groups (16/1,602 [1.0%] v 23/1,937 [1.2%], odds ratios (OR) = 0.76 [0.39-1.47], p = 0.4 with 37 studies included) and no difference in the rate of myocardial infarction (3/1,312 [0.2%] v 1/1,532 [0.07%], OR = 2.03 [0.27-15.49], p = 0.5 with 30 studies included). Mortality was reduced in the isoflurane group when only studies with a low risk of bias were included in the analyses (0/540 [0%] v 5/703 [0.7%] in the control arm, OR = 0.13 [0.02-0.76], p = 0.02) with 4 cardiac and 6 noncardiac trials included and 5 noninhalation and 5 inhalation agents as the comparator. A trend was noted when a subanalysis was performed with propofol as a comparator (1/544 [0.2%] v 6/546 [1.1%], p = 0.05, with 16 studies included). CONCLUSIONS: Isoflurane reduced mortality in high-quality studies and showed a trend toward a reduction in mortality when it was compared with propofol. No differences in the rates of overall mortality and myocardial infarction were noted.
Authors:
Elena Bignami; Teresa Greco; Luigi Barile; Simona Silvetti; Davide Nicolotti; Oliviero Fochi; Elio Cama; Roberto Costagliola; Giovanni Landoni; Giuseppe Biondi-Zoccai; Alberto Zangrillo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiothoracic and vascular anesthesia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-8422     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9110208     Medline TA:  J Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Università Vita-Salute San Raffaele, Milan, Italy.
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