Document Detail

The effect of intrauterine growth on verbal IQ scores in childhood: a study of monozygotic twins.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20937654     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: Given the adverse neurobiological effects of suboptimal nutrition on the developing brain, it is of social and medical importance to determine if the global prevalence of poor intrauterine growth causes lasting cognitive deficits. We examined whether suboptimal intrauterine growth relates to impaired cognitive outcome by comparing birth weight and cognition in monozygotic twins and considered whether children within-pair differences in birth weight were related to within-pair differences in IQ scores.
METHODS: A total of 71 monozygotic twin pairs (aged 7 years 11 months to 17 years 3 months) participated. The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children, Third Edition, was administered, and verbal IQ (VIQ) and performance IQ (PIQ) scores were calculated. Regression was used to relate within-pair differences in birth weight to within-pair differences in IQ scores.
RESULTS: VIQ but not PIQ score was affected by prenatal growth restriction. The results suggest that the mean advantage for heavier twins relative to their lighter co-twins can be as much as half an SD in VIQ points. In pairs with minimal discordance, heavier twins had lower VIQ scores than their lighter co-twins.
CONCLUSIONS: Our study results suggest that lower birth weight in monozygotic twins can also have a negative long-term impact on cognition both in infants who are small at birth and also those with birth weights across the spectrum. Studying monozygotic twins enabled us to examine the effect of reduced intrauterine growth on cognition independently of confounding factors, including parental IQ and education and infant gender, age, genetic characteristics, and gestation.
Caroline J Edmonds; Elizabeth B Isaacs; Tim J Cole; Mary Haslinger Rogers; Julie Lanigan; Atul Singhal; Toni Birbara; Paul Gringras; Jane Denton; Alan Lucas
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Twin Study     Date:  2010-10-11
Journal Detail:
Title:  Pediatrics     Volume:  126     ISSN:  1098-4275     ISO Abbreviation:  Pediatrics     Publication Date:  2010 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-11-02     Completed Date:  2010-11-22     Revised Date:  2014-02-20    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376422     Medline TA:  Pediatrics     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e1095-101     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Diseases in Twins / genetics*
Fetal Growth Retardation / genetics*
Follow-Up Studies
Infant, Low Birth Weight*
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Small for Gestational Age*
Intelligence / genetics*
Risk Factors
Twins, Monozygotic
Wechsler Scales / statistics & numerical data
Grant Support
G0700349//Medical Research Council; G0700961//Medical Research Council; //Medical Research Council

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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