Document Detail

Effect of the IGF-1/PTEN/Akt/FoxO signaling pathway on the development and healing of water immersion and restraint stress-induced gastric ulcers in rats.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22735908     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) and Akt [also known as protein kinase B (PKB)] proteins have been reported to exhibit gastroprotective effects by reducing water immersion and restraint stress (WRS)-induced gastric mucosal cellular apoptosis. To confirm whether the IGF-1/PTEN/Akt/FoxO signaling pathway is effective in protecting against gastric ulcers, our current study was conducted to examine the expression and localization of IGF-1, phosphatase and tensin homologue deleted on chromosome 10 (PTEN), Akt and O subfamily of forkhead box (FoxO) proteins, caspase-3 activity and the number of apoptotic cells in gastric mucosa of rats subjected to WRS. Our results demonstrated that WRS induced gastric ulcers by enhancing cell apoptosis in rat gastric mucosa. In addition, in normal rat gastric mucosa, PTEN, total Akt and FoxO1 were found mainly in the cell cytoplasm of fundic glands in the lamina propria close to the muscularis mucosa. In addition, strong staining of IGF-1, FoxO3a and FoxO4 in the gastric mucosa was primarily concentrated in the cell cytoplasm of the fundic glands in whole lamina propria. However, in rat gastric ulcers, IGF-1, total Akt, FoxO3a and FoxO4 were localized in proximity to the base of the ulcer margin and were also present in the granulation tissues of the gastric ulcers. Moreover, in the rat gastric ulcers, the mRNA transcript levels of IGF-1, PTEN, Akt-1, Akt-2, FoxO3 and FoxO4 were upregulated in the gastric ulcer margin, with a peak between Days 4 and 8 following 7 h of WRS. In conclusion, our results imply that the IGF-1/PTEN/Akt/FoxO signaling pathway plays a certain role(s) in the protection against ulceration through the regulation of cellular apoptosis as observed in the development and healing of rat gastric ulcers.
Pan Huang; Zhengrong Zhou; Hao Wang; Quanwei Wei; Liang Zhang; Xin Zhou; Reinhold J Hutz; Fangxiong Shi
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of molecular medicine     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1791-244X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9810955     Medline TA:  Int J Mol Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
College of Animal Science and Technology, Nanjing Agricultural University, Nanjing 210095, P.R. China.
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