Document Detail


The effect of heavy- vs. moderate-load training on the development of strength, power, and throwing ball velocity in male handball players.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20706155     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The aim was to compare the effect of 2 differing 10-week resistance training programs on the peak power (PP) output, muscle volume, strength, and throwing velocity of the upper limbs in handball players during the competitive season. The subjects were 26 men (age 20.0 +/- 0.6 years, body mass 85.0 +/- 13.2 kg, height 1.86 +/- 0.06 m, and body fat 13.7 +/- 2.4%). They were randomly assigned to 1 of 3 groups: control (C; n = 8), heavy resistance (n = 9), or moderate resistance (MR; n = 9) training, performed twice a week. A force-velocity test on an appropriately modified Monark cycle ergometer determined PP. Muscle volumes were estimated using a standard anthropometric kit. One-repetition maximum (1RM) bench press (1RMBP) and 1RM pull-over (1RMPO) scores assessed arm strength. Handball throwing velocity was measured with (TR) and without run-up (TW). Both training programs enhanced absolute PP relative to controls (p < 0.05), although differences disappeared if PP was expressed per unit of muscle volume. Heavy resistance-enhanced 1RMBP and 1RMPO compared to both MR (p < 0.01 and p < 0.05, respectively) and C (p < 0.001 for both tests). Heavy resistance also increased TR and TW compared to C (p < 0.01 and p < 0.05, respectively). Moderate resistance increased only TR compared to C (p < 0.01). Thus, during the competitive season, the PP, 1RMBP, 1RMPO, and TW of male handball players were increased more by 10 weeks of bench press and pull-over training with suitably adapted heavy loads than with moderate loads. It would seem advantageous to add such resistance exercise before customary technical and tactical handball training sessions.
Authors:
Souhail Hermassi; Mohamed Souhaiel Chelly; Mourad Fathloun; Roy J Shephard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association     Volume:  24     ISSN:  1533-4287     ISO Abbreviation:  J Strength Cond Res     Publication Date:  2010 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-30     Completed Date:  2010-12-17     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9415084     Medline TA:  J Strength Cond Res     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2408-18     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Research Unit Evaluation and Analysis of Factors Influencing Sport performance, Higher Institute of Sport and Physical Education of Ksar Said, Tunis, Tunisia. csouhaiel@yahoo.fr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Arm / anatomy & histology,  physiology
Athletic Performance / physiology
Humans
Male
Muscle Strength / physiology*
Muscle, Skeletal / anatomy & histology,  physiology
Resistance Training*
Skinfold Thickness
Sports / physiology*
Weight-Bearing / physiology
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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