Document Detail


Effect of Exercise on Cognitive Performance in Community-Dwelling Older Adults: Review of Intervention Trials and Recommendations for Public Health Practice and Research.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21438861     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
There is evidence from observational studies that increasing physical activity may reduce the risk of cognitive decline in older adults. Exercise intervention trials have found conflicting results. A systematic review of physical activity and exercise intervention trials on cognition in older adults was conducted. Six scientific databases and reference lists of previous reviews were searched. Thirty studies were eligible for inclusion. Articles were grouped into intervention-outcome pairings. Interventions were grouped as cardiorespiratory, strength, and multicomponent exercises. Cognitive outcomes were general cognition, executive function, memory, reaction time, attention, cognitive processing, visuospatial, and language. An eight-member multidisciplinary panel rated the quality and effectiveness of each pairing. Although there were some positive studies, the panel did not find sufficient evidence that physical activity or exercise improved cognition in older adults. Future research should report exercise adherence, use longer study durations, and determine the clinical relevance of measures used.
Authors:
Mark Snowden; Lesley Steinman; Kara Mochan; Francine Grodstein; Thomas R Prohaska; David J Thurman; David R Brown; James N Laditka; Jesus Soares; Damita J Zweiback; Deborah Little; Lynda A Anderson
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-25
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Geriatrics Society     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1532-5415     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-3-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7503062     Medline TA:  J Am Geriatr Soc     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011, Copyright the Authors. Journal compilation © 2011, The American Geriatrics Society.
Affiliation:
From the *Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Sciences, School of Medicine, †Health Promotion Research Center, ‡School of Nursing, University of Washington, Seattle, Washington; §Brigham and Women's Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Massachusetts; ∥School of Public Health, Institute for Health Research and Policy, University of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois; **Physical Activity and Health Branch, Division of Nutrition, Physical Activity, and Obesity, #National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Atlanta, Georgia; ††Department of Public Health Sciences, University of North Carolina at Charlotte, Charlotte, North Carolina; ‡‡Michigan Department of Community Health, Lansing, Michigan; §§Center for Stroke Research, Center for Cognitive Medicine; University of Illinois Medical Center at Chicago, Chicago, Illinois; and ##Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, Georgia.
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