Document Detail

Effect of Emodin on Endoplasmic Reticulum Stress in Rats with Severe Acute Pancreatitis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23605470     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
This study aimed to investigate the protective effect of emodin on endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress in rats with severe acute pancreatitis (SAP) and the underlying molecular mechanism. Sprague-Dawley male rats were randomly divided into sham operation group, SAP model group, and emodin treatment group. SAP was constructed through injecting sodium taurocholate into pancreatic and biliary duct in rats. Half an hour before establishing the animal model, emodin or sodium carboxymethylcellulose was intragastrically administrated to the rats in respective group. Rats were killed at 3, 6, and 12 h postdisease induction. The amylase, tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels in serum, pancreatic histopathology, acinar ER ultrastructure, protein expression of Bip, IRE1α,TRAF2, ASK1, p-JNK, and p-p38 MAPK in pancreas were examined. Sodium taurocholate induced pancreatic injury and ER lumen dilated in exocrine pancreas in rats at 3-, 6-, and 12-h time points. ER stress transducers Bip, IRE1α, and their downstream molecules TRAF2, ASK1 in pancreatitis were upregulated. Furthermore, phosphorylation of JNK and p38MAPK in pancreas was increased, which induced high expression level of inflammatory cytokines such as TNF-α and IL-6. Treatment with emodin obviously ameliorated pancreatic injury and decreased the release of amylase and inflammatory cytokines. Further studies showed that emodin significantly decreased the expression of Bip, IRE1α, TRAF2, and ASK1, inhibited phosphorylation of JNK and p38 MAPK in pancreas in rats at all time points. Emodin could reduce pancreatic injury and restrain inflammatory reaction in SAP rats partly via inhibiting ER stress transducers IRE1α and its downstream molecules.
Li Wu; Baochang Cai; Shizhong Zheng; Xiao Liu; Hao Cai; Huan Li
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-4-20
Journal Detail:
Title:  Inflammation     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-2576     ISO Abbreviation:  Inflammation     Publication Date:  2013 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-4-22     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7600105     Medline TA:  Inflammation     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
College of Pharmacy, Nanjing University of Chinese Medicine, Nanjing, People's Republic of China.
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