Document Detail

Effect of different combinations of cryoprotectants on in vitro maturation of immature buffalo (Bubalus bubalis) oocytes vitrified by straw and open-pulled straw methods.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19090828     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
This study was designed to evaluate effects of different combinations of cryoprotectants on the ability of vitrified immature buffalo oocytes to undergo in vitro maturation. Straw and open-pulled straw (OPS) methods for vitrification of oocytes at the germinal vesicle stage also were compared. The immature oocytes were harvested from ovaries of slaughtered animals and were divided into three groups: (i) untreated (control); (ii) exposed to cryoprotectant agents (CPAs); or (iii) cryopreserved by straw and OPS vitrification methods. The vitrification solution (VS) consisted of 6 m ethylene glycol (EG) as the standard, control vitrification treatment, and this was compared with 3 m EG + 3 m dimethyl sulfoxide (DMSO), 3 m EG + 3 m glycerol, and 3 m DMSO + 3 m glycerol. Cryoprotectants were added in two steps, with the first step concentration half that of the second (and final) step concentration. After warming, oocyte samples were matured by standard methods and then fixed and stained for nuclear evaluation. Rates of MII oocytes exposed to CPAs without vitrification were lower (54.3 +/- 1.9% in EG, 47.5 +/- 3.4% in EG + DMSO, 36.8 +/- 1.2% in EG + glycerol and 29.9 +/- 1.0% in DMSO + glycerol; p < 0.05) than for the control group (79.8 +/- 1.3%). For all treatments in each vitrification experiment, results were nearly identical for straws and OPS, so all results presented are the average of these two containers. The percentages of oocytes reaching telophase-I or metaphase-II stages were lower in oocytes cryopreserved using all treatments when compared with control. However, among the vitrified oocytes, the highest maturation rate was seen in oocytes vitrified in EG + DMSO (41.5 +/- 0.6%). Oocytes cryopreserved in all groups with glycerol had an overall low maturation rate 19.0 +/- 0.6% for EG + glycerol and 17.0 +/- 1.1% for DMSO + glycerol. We conclude that the function of oocytes was severely affected by both vitrification and exposure to cryoprotectants without vitrification; the best combination of cryoprotectants was EG + DMSO for vitrification of immature buffalo oocytes using either straw or OPS methods.
K G H M Mahmoud; T H Scholkamy; Y F Ahmed; G E Seidel; M F Nawito
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-12-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  Reproduction in domestic animals = Zuchthygiene     Volume:  45     ISSN:  1439-0531     ISO Abbreviation:  Reprod. Domest. Anim.     Publication Date:  2010 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-07-26     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9015668     Medline TA:  Reprod Domest Anim     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  565-71     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Animal Reproduction & A.I, National Research Center, Dokki, Giza, Egypt.
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