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Effect of Colchicine on Myocardial Injury Induced by Trypanosoma cruzi in Experimental Chagas Disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22858082     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND: The hallmark of Chagas disease (CD) is multifocal myocarditis and extensive fibrosis. We investigated the potential effect of colchicine on myocardial remodeling in experimental CD.
METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred Syrian hamsters were randomly divided into noninfected untreated control (CG), noninfected control treated with colchicine (COLG 0.4 mg kg(-1) d(-1) by gavage), infected (IG), and infected treated with colchicine (ICOLG, 0.4 mg kg(-1) d(-1)) groups. The interstitial collagen volume fraction (ICVF) was evaluated by videomorphometry with picrosirius red staining. The gelatinolytic activities of matrix metalloproteinase (MMP) 2 were examined with the use of zymography. Myocarditis was described according to the Dallas criteria. Statistical comparisons were performed with parametric analysis of variance and Tukey test. ICVF (%) accumulation was attenuated in infected colchicine-treated animals in the left (CG 0.81 ± 0.13, COLG 0.85 ± 0.13, IG: 1.35 ± 0.31,* ICOLG 1.06 ± 0.19; *P < .05 compared with ICOLG) and right ventricles (CG 1.4 ± 0.36, COLG 1.26 ± 0.14, IG 1.97 ± 0.058,* ICOLG: 1.52 ± 0.23; *P < .05 compared with ICOLG). A significant increase in MMP-2 enzymatic activity (UA) was observed in ICOLG (17,432.8*) compared with GC (3731.6), COLG (2,792.6), and IG (4,286.3; *P < .001). In IG, 66% of animals had myocarditis compared with only 49% in ICOLG.
CONCLUSIONS: Colchicine had a protective effect on myocardium, indicated by decreased interstitial myocardial fibrosis, increased intensity of MMP-2, and attenuated myocardial inflammation.
Fábio Fernandes; Felix José Alvarez Ramires; Barbara Maria Ianni; Vera Maria Cury Salemi; Adriana Morgan Oliveira; Fernanda Gallinaro Pessoa; Mauro Canzian; Charles Mady
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cardiac failure     Volume:  18     ISSN:  1532-8414     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Card. Fail.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-08-03     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9442138     Medline TA:  J Card Fail     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  654-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Instituto do Coração, Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina da, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil.
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