Document Detail


Effect of Chlorhexidine Pretreatment on the Stability of Salivary Lactobacilli Probiotic in Six- to Twelve-Year-Old Children: A Randomized Controlled Trial.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21454978     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study aimed to investigate the efficacy of chlorhexidine mouthwash disinfection on the stability of lactobacilli probiotic. This study involved 105 children in 3 groups. Subjects in group A received chlorhexidine for 2 weeks, subjects of group B received probiotic yogurt containing Lactobacillus rhamnosus GG (LGG) at a concentration of 2 × 10(8) colony-forming units per gram for 3 weeks, and subjects in group C received chlorhexidine in the same manner as group A and 24 h after cessation, they received probiotic yogurt in the same manner as group B. Salivary Streptococcus mutans (SM) and LGG were counted at baseline, 24 h, 1 week and 5 weeks after each intervention in all groups. The SM count was reduced 24 h after cessation of chlorhexidine in group A (p < 0.001), and was steady for 5 weeks (p < 0.05). In group B, SM counts did not show significant differences 5 weeks after ending the intake of the probiotic (p > 0.05); LGG counts increased (p < 0.001), but were not steady over 5 weeks. In group C, a significant reduction in SM count was recorded, and the reduced count was steady for 5 weeks; a significant increase in LGG counts was registered (p < 0.001), which was steady for 5 weeks. Intergroup comparison showed a significant increase in LGG counts in groups B and C; however, this increase was not steady in group B. Chlorhexidine treatment before probiotic intake induced more stable colonization with LGG strains than probiotic alone.
Authors:
N A Aminabadi; L Erfanparast; A Ebrahimi; S G Oskouei
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-3-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  Caries research     Volume:  45     ISSN:  1421-976X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-4-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0103374     Medline TA:  Caries Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  148-154     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 S. Karger AG, Basel.
Affiliation:
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.
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