Document Detail


Effect of Calving Distribution on Beef Cattle Progeny Performance.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22871928     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Records collected between 1997 and 2010 were used to determine the effect of calving period on heifer (n = 1,019) and steer (n = 771) progeny from the Gudmundsen Sandhills Laboratory, Whitman, NE. Progeny were classified as being born in the first, second, or third 21-d period of the spring calving season within year. Heifer birth BW was lowest (P < 0.01) for heifers born in the first period. Birth to weaning ADG tended (P = 0.10) to be least for heifers born in the first calving period; however, weaning BW decreased (P = 0.03) with advancing calving period. Weaning to prebreeding ADG tended (P = 0.07) to be least for heifers born in the first period; however, prebreeding BW was greatest (P < 0.01) for calves born in the first period. Heifer ADG from the beginning of the breeding season to pregnancy diagnosis was greater (P = 0.03) for heifers born in the third vs. first calving period. Heifers cycling at the beginning of the breeding season decreased (P < 0.01) with advancing calving date (70, 58, and 39%, respectively) and 45 d pregnancy rates were lowest (P = 0.02) for heifers born in the third calving period (90, 86, and 78%, respectively). Birth date of the heifer's first calf and birth BW decreased (P < 0.01) if the heifer was born in the first calving period. First calf progeny had the greatest (P ≤ 0.10) weaning BW if born to a heifer born in the first calving period. As steer calving period advanced, weaning BW decreased (P < 0.01). Calving period did not affect (P = 0.81) feedlot ADG. As calving period advanced, HCW, marbling score and yield grade decreased (P < 0.01). The percentage of steers grading USDA small marbling was not affected (P = 0.13) by calving period; however, the percentage of steers grading USDA modest marbling or greater and the total carcass value declined (P ≤ 0.01) as calving period advanced. Heifer calves born during the first 21 d of the spring calving season had greater weaning, prebreeding, and precalving BW; greater percent cycling before breeding, and greater pregnancy rates compared to heifers born in the third period. First calf progeny also had an earlier birth date and greater weaning BW. Steer calves born during the first 21 d of the calving season had greater weaning, final, and carcass weights; greater marbling scores; a higher percentage grading USDA modest or greater; and greater carcass value. Calving period of progeny significantly impacts performance.
Authors:
R N Funston; J A Musgrave; T L Meyer; D M Larson
Related Documents :
20331658 - The timing of prenatal exposure to maternal cortisol and psychosocial stress is associa...
22627658 - Trends and factors associated with the day 5 embryo transfer, assisted reproductive tec...
20127938 - Factors associated with binge eating disorder in pregnancy.
19037048 - The ethics of randomized placebo-controlled trials of antidepressants with pregnant wom...
16076758 - Effects of asian dust storm events on daily hospital admissions for cardiovascular dise...
21733678 - Cancer and pregnancy: a comprehensive review.
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-8-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of animal science     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1525-3163     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Anim. Sci.     Publication Date:  2012 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-8-8     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8003002     Medline TA:  J Anim Sci     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
University of Nebraska, West Central Research and Extension Center, North Platte 69101.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


Previous Document:  A generic model of growth, energy metabolism, and body composition for cattle and sheep.
Next Document:  The accuracies of DNA-based estimates of genetic merit derived from Angus- or multi-breed beef cattl...