Document Detail

Effect of Age and Activity Level on Lower Extremity Gait Dynamics: An Introductory Study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22964857     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
ABSTRACT: Elderly adults should perform exercises that maintain or improve balance in order to reduce risk of injury from falls. Bone fractures secondary to falls in the elderly, particularly sedentary females, continue to pose a major health and economic problem. A greater understanding of the processes that contribute to the propensity for falling may be obtained by considering changes in gait biodynamics with age and activity level. Therefore, the purpose of this study was to quantify the relationships between age/activity level and selected biodynamic parameters of the lower extremity during normal gait. Seventeen healthy women, nine young and eight elderly, were divided into groups of nine active and eight sedentary subjects. Three dimensional (3-D) video motion and force platform kinematic and kinetic data were collected from the hip, knee, and ankle of the right lower extremity as the subjects walked at self-selected speeds. Data were analyzed as functions of age and activity level by using a two-way analysis of variance. As expected, our results show that the elderly group had significantly greater (p<0.05) functional and mobility limitations in their lower extremity joints than did the younger group. Significant age-related lower-limb gait alterations were manifested primarily at the ankle, whereas activity-related alterations were manifested most prominently at the hip. The knee showed the fewest changes accompanying age or activity level. Thus, age and activity level affect gait, which may have a role in the subsequent development of a predisposition to gait-related imbalances and resultant falling and increased hip fracture risk. Strength and conditioning professionals may consider these age- and activity-level-related factors when individualizing exercise regimens for their older, or sedentary, clients. Prophylactic physical activities involving specific, controlled three-dimensional body movements may help prevent abnormal lower limb joint kinematics (and their hypothetically-coupled intrinsic postural control strategies), thereby reducing fall and fracture propensity.
Lee Cabell; David Pienkowski; Robert Shapiro; Miroslav Janura
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of strength and conditioning research / National Strength & Conditioning Association     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1533-4287     ISO Abbreviation:  J Strength Cond Res     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9415084     Medline TA:  J Strength Cond Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
aDepartment of Graduate Programs in Health Sciences, School of Health and Medical Sciences, Seton Hall University, 400 South Orange Avenue, South Orange, NJ 07079, USA bCenter for Biomedical Engineering, University of Kentucky, Washington and Rose Streets, Lexington, KY 40507, USA cDepartment of Orthopaedic Surgery, School of Medicine, University of Kentucky, Lexington, KY, 40536, USA dDepartment of Kinesiology and Health Promotion, University of Kentucky, Seaton Building, Lexington, KY 40506, USA eDepartment of Biomechanics and Engineering Cybernetics, Faculty of Physical Culture, Palacky University, Olomouc, Czech Republic.
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