Document Detail


Effect of acute exercise on executive function in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22306962     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
This study was conducted to determine the effect of acute aerobic exercise on executive function in children with attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Forty children with ADHD were randomly assigned into exercise or control groups. Participants in the exercise group performed a moderate intensity aerobic exercise for 30 min, whereas the control group watched a running/exercise-related video. Neuropsychological tasks, the Stroop Test and the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test (WCST), were assessed before and after each treatment. The results indicated that acute exercise facilitated performance in the Stroop Test, particularly in the Stroop Color-Word condition. Additionally, children in the exercise group demonstrated improvement in specific WCST performances in Non-perseverative Errors and Categories Completed, whereas no influences were found in those performances in the control group. Tentative explanations for the exercise effect postulate that exercise allocates attention resources, influences the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, and is implicated in exercise-induced dopamine release. These findings are promising and additional investigations to explore the efficacy of exercise on executive function in children with ADHD are encouraged.
Authors:
Yu-Kai Chang; Suyen Liu; Hui-Hsiang Yu; Yuan-Hung Lee
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-02-03
Journal Detail:
Title:  Archives of clinical neuropsychology : the official journal of the National Academy of Neuropsychologists     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1873-5843     ISO Abbreviation:  Arch Clin Neuropsychol     Publication Date:  2012 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-02-20     Completed Date:  2012-06-12     Revised Date:  2012-08-22    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9004255     Medline TA:  Arch Clin Neuropsychol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  225-37     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Graduate Institute of Coaching Science, National Taiwan Sport University, Taoyuan County, Taiwan, Republic of China.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Analysis of Variance
Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity* / complications,  physiopathology,  rehabilitation
Blood Pressure
Child
Cognition Disorders / etiology*,  rehabilitation*
Executive Function / physiology*
Exercise Therapy / methods*
Female
Heart Rate
Humans
Male
Neuropsychological Tests
Physical Exertion

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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