Document Detail


Effect of 6 d of exercise training on responses to maximal and sub-maximal exercise in middle-aged men.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3386505     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Nine sedentary men (53 +/- 3 yr) were studied before and after 6 d of endurance exercise training to determine the effects on maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max), and on the heart rate, blood pressure, and metabolic responses to a standard bout of steady-state sub-maximal exercise. The subjects exercised approximately 1 h.d-1 at about 68% of VO2max. The 6-d protocol elicited no improvement in VO2max (2.50 +/- 0.14 before vs 2.58 +/- 0.15 l.min-1 after training). Heart rates were significantly lower by 5 to 8 b.min-1, systolic blood pressures were reduced by 16 to 19 mm Hg, and blood lactate concentrations were 25 to 35% less at the same exercise intensities (60, 70, and 80% of VO2max) after 6 d of exercise. Rate pressure product was about 15% lower at the same exercise intensity after 6 d of training (P less than 0.05). The respiratory exchange ratio during submaximal exercise was 0.02 to 0.04 units lower (P less than 0.05; P less than 0.01) after 6 d of exercise, indicating a shift in substrate utilization favoring fat oxidation. These findings suggest that short-term endurance training can induce heart rate, blood pressure, and metabolic adaptations to sub-maximal exercise before there is a significant increase in VO2max in sedentary, middle-aged men who are capable of vigorous exercise.
Authors:
M A Rogers; C Yamamoto; J M Hagberg; W H Martin; A A Ehsani; J O Holloszy
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  20     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  1988 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1988-08-08     Completed Date:  1988-08-08     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  260-4     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Affiliation:
Department of Medicine, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, MO 63110.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Blood Pressure
Heart Rate
Humans
Lactates / blood
Male
Middle Aged
Oxygen Consumption*
Physical Exertion*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
AG00078/AG/NIA NIH HHS; AG05562/AG/NIA NIH HHS; HL07456/HL/NHLBI NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Lactates

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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