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Effect of ω-3 fatty acid supplementation on endothelial function, endogenous fibrinolysis and platelet activation in male cigarette smokers.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23184014     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The effects of ω-3 fatty acids on endothelial function, fibrinolysis and platelet function are uncertain. We investigated the effects of ω-3 fatty acid supplementation on endothelial vasomotor function, endogenous fibrinolysis, and platelet and monocyte activation in healthy cigarette smokers; a group at increased risk of myocardial infarction. DESIGN, SETTING, PARTICIPANTS: Twenty cigarette smokers were recruited into a randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, crossover trial of ω-3 fatty acid supplementation. INTERVENTION: ω-3 fatty acid supplements (2 g/day) or placebo for a 6-week period. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Peripheral blood was taken for analysis of platelet and monocyte activation, and forearm blood flow (FBF) was assessed in a subset of 12 smokers during intrabrachial infusions of acetylcholine, substance P and sodium nitroprusside. Stimulated plasma tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) concentrations were measured during substance P infusion. RESULTS: All vasodilators caused dose-dependent increases in FBF (p<0.0001). Compared with placebo, ω-3 fatty acid supplementation led to greater endothelium-dependent vasodilatation with acetylcholine and substance P (p=0.0032 and p=0.056). Substance P caused a dose-dependent increase in plasma t-PA concentrations (p<0.0001) that was greater after ω-3 fatty acid supplementation compared with placebo (8.8±2.3 IU ml(-1) vs 3.6±1.1 IU ml(-1); p=0.029). ω-3 fatty acids did not affect platelet-monocyte aggregation, platelet P-selectin or CD40L, or monocyte CD40. CONCLUSIONS: We have demonstrated for the first time that ω-3 fatty acids augment acute endothelial t-PA release and improve endothelial vasomotor function in cigarette smokers. Improved endogenous fibrinolysis and endothelial function may represent important mechanisms through which ω-3 fatty acids confer potential cardiovascular benefits.
Authors:
Jehangir N Din; Rachel M Archer; Scott A Harding; Jaydeep Sarma; Karin Lyall; Andrew D Flapan; David E Newby
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-11-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Heart (British Cardiac Society)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1468-201X     ISO Abbreviation:  Heart     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-11-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9602087     Medline TA:  Heart     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
University of Edinburgh, , Edinburgh, UK.
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