Document Detail


Effect of 1,25(OH)2D3 on the relative contributions of skeletal 45Ca and intestinal 40Ca to blood calcium in normal and thyroparathyroidectomized dogs.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3840054     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The effects of gradually increasing doses of 1,25(OH)2D3 on plasma calcium and 45Ca radioactivity were studied in young dogs that had been extensively prelabelled with 45Ca. The effects of orally and intravenously administered 1,25(OH)2D3 were evaluated in normal and thyroparathyroidectomized dogs fed a normal diet. In normal dogs when 1,25(OH)2D3 increased the plasma calcium within the normal range (2.9-3.1 mmol/L) there was no significant increase in plasma 45Ca. In thyroparathyroidectomized dogs, oral or intravenous 1,25(OH)2D3 increased the low blood calcium to a normal level (1.8-2.9 mmol/L) without significantly increasing plasma 45Ca. In normal and thyroparathyroidectomized dogs, any 1,25(OH)2D3-induced increase in plasma calcium above the normal range was associated with a significant increase in 45Ca, indicating mobilization of bone calcium. Intravenous administration of 1,25(OH)2D3 in the normal or thyroparathyroidectomized dogs had a much larger effect than oral doses in mobilizing bone 45Ca when inducing a similar level of hypercalcemia. The major physiological effect of 1,25(OH)2D3 in the low or normal range of plasma calcium is on intestinal absorption of calcium without a significant effect on mobilizing bone calcium. The pharmacological effect of 1,25(OH)2D3 in vivo is to mobilize bone calcium as well as dietary calcium into blood.
Authors:
L Klein; K M Wong
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Canadian journal of physiology and pharmacology     Volume:  63     ISSN:  0008-4212     ISO Abbreviation:  Can. J. Physiol. Pharmacol.     Publication Date:  1985 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1985-11-04     Completed Date:  1985-11-04     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0372712     Medline TA:  Can J Physiol Pharmacol     Country:  CANADA    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  606-13     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Administration, Oral
Animals
Bone and Bones / metabolism*
Calcitriol / administration & dosage,  pharmacology*
Calcium / blood,  metabolism*
Calcium Radioisotopes / diagnostic use
Dogs
Female
Injections, Intravenous
Intestinal Absorption / drug effects*
Male
Parathyroid Glands / physiology
Thyroidectomy
Time Factors
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
AG-00258/AG/NIA NIH HHS; DE-05487/DE/NIDCR NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Calcium Radioisotopes; 32222-06-3/Calcitriol; 7440-70-2/Calcium

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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