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Effect of 12 weeks of resistance exercise on post-exercise hypotension in stage 1 hypertensive individuals.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21734721     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Post-exercise hypotension (PEH), the reduction of blood pressure (BP) after a single bout of exercise, is of great clinical relevance. As the magnitude of this phenomenon seems to be dependent on pre-exercise BP values and chronic exercise training in hypertensive individuals leads to BP reduction; PEH could be attenuated in this context. Therefore, the aim of the present study was to investigate whether PEH remains constant after resistance exercise training. Fifteen hypertensive individuals (46±8 years; 88±16 kg; 30±6% body fat; 150±13/93±5 mm Hg systolic/diastolic BP, SBP/DBP) were withdrawn from medication and performed 12 weeks of moderate-intensity resistance training. Parameters of cardiovascular function were evaluated before and after the training period. Before the training program, hypertensive volunteers showed significant PEH. After an acute moderate-intensity resistance exercise session with three sets of 12 repetitions (60% of one repetition maximum) and a total of seven exercises, BP was reduced post-exercise (45-60 min) by an average of aproximately -22 mm Hg for SBP, -8 mm Hg for DBP and -13 mm Hg for mean arterial pressure (P<0.05). However, this acute hypotensive effect did not occur after the 12 weeks of training (P>0.05). In conclusion, our data demonstrate that PEH, following an acute exercise session, can indeed be attenuated after 12 weeks of training in hypertensive stage 1 patients not using antihypertensive medication.Journal of Human Hypertension advance online publication, 7 July 2011; doi:10.1038/jhh.2011.67.
Authors:
M R Moraes; R F P Bacurau; H G Simões; C S G Campbell; M A Pudo; F Wasinski; J B Pesquero; M Würtele; R C Araujo
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-7-07
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of human hypertension     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1476-5527     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-7-7     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8811625     Medline TA:  J Hum Hypertens     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
1] Department of Biophysics, Federal University of São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil [2] University of Mogi das Cruzes, Mogi das Cruzes, SP, Brazil.
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