Document Detail


Educational strategies for improving clinical reasoning.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  24070582     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Clinical reasoning serves as a crucial skill for all physicians regardless of their area of expertise. Helping trainees develop effective and appropriate clinical reasoning abilities is a central aim of medical education. Teaching clinical reasoning however can be a very difficult challenge for practicing physicians. Better understanding of the different cognitive processes involved in physician clinical reasoning provides a foundation from which to guide learner development of effective reasoning skills, while pairing assessment of learner reasoning abilities with understanding of different improvement strategies offers the opportunity to maximize educational efforts for learners. Clinical reasoning errors often can occur as a result of one of four problems in trainees as well as practicing physicians; inadequate knowledge, faulty data gathering, faulty data processing, or faulty metacognition. Educators are encouraged to consider at which point a given learner's reasoning is breaking down. Experimentation with different strategies for improving clinical reasoning can help address learner struggles in each of these domains. In this chapter, various strategies for improving reasoning related to knowledge acquisition, data gathering, data processing, and clinician metacognition will be discussed. Understanding and gaining experience using the different educational strategies will provide practicing physicians with a toolbox of techniques for helping learners improve their reasoning abilities.
Authors:
William B Cutrer; William M Sullivan; Amy E Fleming
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Current problems in pediatric and adolescent health care     Volume:  43     ISSN:  1538-3199     ISO Abbreviation:  Curr Probl Pediatr Adolesc Health Care     Publication Date:  2013 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-09-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101134613     Medline TA:  Curr Probl Pediatr Adolesc Health Care     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  248-57     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2013 Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Vanderbilt University School of Medicine, Monroe Carell Jr. Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt, 2200 Children's Way, 5121 Doctor's Office Tower, Nashville, TN 37232.
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