Document Detail


Economics and the evaluation of health care programmes: generalisability of methods and implications for generalisability of results.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12694956     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Increasing attention is being given to identifying standardised methods of analysis for the economic evaluation of health care programmes and generating generalisable findings from these methods. In this paper, we show how these approaches fail to reflect the social science foundations of the economics discipline and the economic theory of individual behaviour. Using simple examples, we show that the technical efficiency of a particular programme differs between communities, even though the underlying technology is the same for the communities. Similarly, the subjective considerations represented by the utility function are not generally transferable between settings or between individuals within settings. As a result, the efficiency of an intervention will be influenced by the context in which the intervention is experienced, even in the presence of identical production and utility functions. The lack of generalisability includes the validity of the methods used to analyse the subjective component of the evaluation exercise. The adoption of standardised methods of measurement and analysis, together with the use of findings from the application of these methods in other settings, might ease the administrative burden presented in resource allocation exercises. However, these approaches do not accommodate the intellectual substance of the wide range of problems and circumstances that underlie these exercises.
Authors:
Stephen Birch; Amiram Gafni
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Health policy (Amsterdam, Netherlands)     Volume:  64     ISSN:  0168-8510     ISO Abbreviation:  Health Policy     Publication Date:  2003 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-04-15     Completed Date:  2003-07-15     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8409431     Medline TA:  Health Policy     Country:  Ireland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  207-19     Citation Subset:  H    
Affiliation:
Department of Clinical Epidemiology and Biostatistics, McMaster University, 1200 Main Street West, Ont., L9C2C1, Hamilton, Canada. birch@mcmaster.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Attitude to Health
Behavioral Research
Decision Making, Organizational
Health Services Research / economics,  methods*
Humans
Models, Economic*
Policy Making
Program Evaluation / economics,  methods*
Public Health Administration / economics
Reproducibility of Results
Smoking Cessation
Social Sciences
Social Welfare / economics*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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