Document Detail


Economic values and expected effect of selection index for pathogen-specific mastitis under Danish conditions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20059934     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The objectives of this study were 1) to estimate costs related to 5 different pathogen-specific mastitis traits (susceptibility to different pathogens causing mastitis in dairy cattle) and unspecific mastitis, and 2) to compare selection differentials for an udder health index consisting of 5 different pathogen-specific mastitis traits and lactation average somatic cell count from 5 to 170 d after first calving (LASCC170) with another index consisting of 1 unspecific mastitis trait and LASCC170. Economic values were estimated for mastitis caused by Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus dysgalactiae, Escherichia coli, coagulase-negative staphylococci, and Streptococcus uberis using a stochastic simulation model (SimHerd IV). Mastitis incidences for SimHerd IV were from incidences of mastitis treatments in primiparous Danish Holstein cows calving in 2007. Estimated costs ranged from 149 euro to 570 euro per mastitis case and were highest for contagious pathogens such as Staph. aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococci and lowest for Strep. dysgalactiae and Strep. uberis. The value for unspecific mastitis was 231 euro per case. Selection differentials (in euro) were estimated for 4 different selection indices, including 1) unspecific mastitis, 2) unspecific mastitis and LASCC170, 3) 5 pathogen-specific mastitis traits and unspecific residual mastitis (unspecific mastitis treatments minus mastitis treatments caused by the 5 pathogens), and 4) as index 3 including LASCC170. The breeding goal was identical to selection index 3. Mastitis data from primiparous cows calving from 1998 to 2008 were used to estimate genetic parameters of the mastitis traits using linear models and AI-REML algorithm. These parameters were used for construction of the selection index equations. For the selection indices, information sources were measurements of mastitis treatments and LASCC170 from 50, 80, or 130 daughters of a bull as well as measurements of mastitis treatments from 1,000 progeny of the bull's sire and 1,000 daughters of his maternal grandsire. Differences in selection differentials were marginal among the 4 indices. Without considering LASCC170, the selection differential of an unspecific mastitis index was 0.4 euro (<1%) better than that of a pathogen-specific index. On the other hand, the selection differential of the pathogen-specific index was 0.3 euro (<1%) better than that of an unspecific index when LASCC170 was included in the indices. Reliabilities of the selection indices were 0.62 to 0.67 (80 daughters) and were proportional to the selection differential. Changing the number of daughters to 50 or 130 did not change ranking of the indices. Heritabilities of the pathogen-specific traits were very low (h(2)=0.005-0.021) compared with unspecific mastitis (h(2)=0.062), which may limit the selection differential of the pathogen-specific index.
Authors:
L P S?rensen; T Mark; M K S?rensen; S Ostergaard
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dairy science     Volume:  93     ISSN:  1525-3198     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dairy Sci.     Publication Date:  2010 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-01-11     Completed Date:  2010-04-19     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985126R     Medline TA:  J Dairy Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  358-69     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright 2010 American Dairy Science Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Basic Animal and Veterinary Sciences, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, DK-1870 Frederiksberg C, Denmark. LarsPeter.Sorensen@agrsci.dk
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Algorithms
Animals
Bacteria
Bacterial Infections / economics,  genetics,  microbiology,  veterinary*
Breeding
Cattle
Cell Count
Computer Simulation
Dairying / economics
Female
Lactation
Linear Models
Male
Mammary Glands, Animal* / microbiology,  physiology
Mastitis, Bovine* / economics,  genetics,  microbiology
Models, Genetic
Phenotype
Quantitative Trait, Heritable
Risk Factors
Selection, Genetic*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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