Document Detail


Economic differences in direct and indirect costs between people with epilepsy and without epilepsy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23047781     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: : To provide generalizable estimates of economic burden in epilepsy and nonepilepsy populations and a comprehensive accounting for employment-based lost productivity associated with epilepsy in current US health care systems as compared with other chronic diseases.
RESEARCH DESIGN: : We use the nationally representative data source (Medical Expenditure Panel Survey) from 1998 to 2009 to create a retrospective cohort of people diagnosed with epilepsy by a health professional and a comparison cohort of people with no epilepsy.
MEASURES: : Health care utilization and direct costs for all components of treatment, including prescription medications, wages, employment, educational attainment, family income, and lost productivity were outcomes.
RESULTS: : We observed economic disparities associated with epilepsy in the United States despite high rates of modern treatments (89% on anticonvulsant therapies). Only 42% of the people with epilepsy over age 18 reported employment compared with 70% of people with no epilepsy; among those, people with epilepsy reported missing an average of 12 days of work because of illness or injury as compared with 4 days in the nonepilepsy cohort. Holding other variables constant, people with epilepsy had a loss of productivity of $9504 in 2011 dollars compared with people with no epilepsy. In comparison, diabetes was associated with annual average lost productivity valued at $3358 and depression at $3182.
CONCLUSIONS: : Lost wage-based productivity associated with epilepsy was nearly equal to combined wage losses associated with diabetes, depression, anxiety, and asthma together. To evaluate societal burden of illness, results illustrate the importance of indirect costs in addition to treated prevalence and direct medical costs.
Authors:
Anne M Libby; Vahram Ghushchyan; Robert Brett McQueen; Julia F Slejko; Jacqueline L Bainbridge; Jonathan D Campbell
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medical care     Volume:  50     ISSN:  1537-1948     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Care     Publication Date:  2012 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-10     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0230027     Medline TA:  Med Care     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  928-33     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
*Center for Pharmaceutical Outcomes Research, Skaggs School of Pharmacy and Pharmaceutical Sciences †Department of Clinical Pharmacy, University of Colorado, Aurora, CO ‡Pharmaceutical Outcomes Research and Policy Program, University of Washington, Seattle, WA.
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