Document Detail


Economic and social impact of influenza mitigation strategies by demographic class.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21339828     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: We aim to determine the economic and social impact of typical interventions proposed by the public health officials and preventive behavioral changes adopted by the private citizens in the event of a "flu-like" epidemic.
METHOD: We apply an individual-based simulation model to the New River Valley area of Virginia for addressing this critical problem. The economic costs include not only the loss in productivity due to sickness but also the indirect cost incurred through disease avoidance and caring for dependents.
RESULTS: The results show that the most important factor responsible for preventing income loss is the modification of individual behavior; it drops the total income loss by 62% compared to the base case. The next most important factor is the closure of schools which reduces the total income loss by another 40%.
CONCLUSIONS: The preventive behavior of the private citizens is the most important factor in controlling the epidemic.
Authors:
Chris Barrett; Keith Bisset; Jonathan Leidig; Achla Marathe; Madhav Marathe
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Epidemics     Volume:  3     ISSN:  1878-0067     ISO Abbreviation:  Epidemics     Publication Date:  2011 Mar 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-22     Completed Date:  2011-07-26     Revised Date:  2014-09-24    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101484711     Medline TA:  Epidemics     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  19-31     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Aged
Antiviral Agents / economics*,  supply & distribution
Child
Child, Preschool
Communicable Disease Control / economics*,  methods
Computer Simulation
Disease Outbreaks / economics,  prevention & control
Health Behavior*
Humans
Infant
Infant, Newborn
Influenza, Human / economics*,  epidemiology,  prevention & control*
Middle Aged
Models, Biological
Schools / economics,  organization & administration
Sick Leave / economics,  statistics & numerical data
Social Class*
Young Adult
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
2506055-01//PHS HHS; GM070694-05/06/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS; U01 GM070694/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS; U01 GM070694-07/GM/NIGMS NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antiviral Agents
Comments/Corrections

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