Document Detail

Eclampsia. VI. Maternal-perinatal outcome in 254 consecutive cases.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2403130     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
During a 12-year period, 254 cases of eclampsia were managed at this center. Eighty patients (32%) did not have edema, 58 (23%) had "relative hypertension," and 49 (19%) did not have proteinuria at the time of convulsions. Eclampsia developed at less than or equal to 20 weeks in 6 patients and beyond 48 hours post partum in 40 (16%). Convulsions developed in 33 while they were receiving standard doses of magnesium sulfate for preeclampsia during or after birth, and subsequent seizures developed in 36 (14%) after magnesium sulfate therapy was started. There was one maternal death (0.4%) and morbidity was frequent (acute renal failure, 4.7%; pulmonary edema, 4.3%; cardiorespiratory arrest, 3.1%; and aspiration, 2%. The use of multiple drug therapy was associated with significant maternal and neonatal complications. The total perinatal mortality was 11.8%, with the majority of them related to either abruptio placentae or extreme prematurity. These findings emphasize the need for intensive monitoring of women with preeclampsia throughout hospitalization and underscore the importance of maternal stabilization before and during transfer.
B M Sibai
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  163     ISSN:  0002-9378     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Obstet. Gynecol.     Publication Date:  1990 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-10-24     Completed Date:  1990-10-24     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370476     Medline TA:  Am J Obstet Gynecol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1049-54; discussion 1054-5     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Tennessee, Memphis.
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MeSH Terms
Eclampsia / complications*,  diagnosis,  therapy
Fetal Death / etiology
Hypertension / etiology
Infant Mortality
Infant, Newborn
Magnesium Sulfate / therapeutic use
Pregnancy Outcome*
Prenatal Care
Seizures / etiology
Reg. No./Substance:
7487-88-9/Magnesium Sulfate

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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