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Echocardiographic screening for pulmonary hypertension in stable COPD out-patients and NT-proBNP as a rule-out test.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22708731     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Abstract Pulmonary hypertension (PH) worsens the prognosis in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). The diagnosis of PH is established by right heart catheterisation (RHC), while echocardiography can be used for screening. We aimed to asses the outcome of echocardiographic screening for PH in a group of stable COPD out-patients, and to evaluate NT-proBNP as a first line screening tool. Criteria for PH on echocardiography were a tricuspid regurgitation pressure gradient > 40 mmHg, a tricuspid annular plane systolic excursion < 1.8 cm or right ventricular dilatation. Positively screened patients were asked to undergo RHC. Results (Mean ± SEM): 16 of 117 patients (14%) had PH on echocardiography. They had a higher mortality (hazard ratio for death: 2.7 ± 1.3, p = 0.037) and lower six minute walk test (224 ± 33 vs. 339 ± 15, p = 0.006). NT-proBNP below 95 ng/l excluded PH on echocardiography with a negative predictive value of 100 (95% CI: 89-100%). RHC was obtained in six patients screened positive. In three of these, PH was not confirmed. Conclusions: Signs of PH on echocardiography as defined here was found in 14% and had prognostic significance in COPD. A value of NT-proBNP less than 95 ng/l may be used to exclude signs of PH.
Authors:
Charlotte U Andersen; Søren Mellemkjær; Jens E Nielsen-Kudsk; Lene D Sønderskov; Britt E Laursen; Ulf Simonsen; Ole Hilberg
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  COPD     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1541-2563     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101211769     Medline TA:  COPD     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
1Department of Biomedicine, Aarhus University , Denmark.
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