Document Detail

Echocardiographic predictors of survival and response to early revascularization in cardiogenic shock.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12538428     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Although echocardiography is used in diagnosis and management of myocardial infarction, it has not been established whether specific features of cardiac structure or function early in the course of cardiogenic shock provide prognostic value. The purposes of this substudy of the SHould we emergently revascularize Occluded Coronaries for cardiogenic shocK (SHOCK) trial were to describe the echocardiographic features of cardiogenic shock, identify findings on early echocardiograms associated with outcome, examine the interaction of such features with treatment, and determine whether these features could provide insights into the survival benefit observed with early revascularization and guide selection of patients for this strategy. METHODS AND RESULTS: One hundred seventy-five echocardiograms performed within 24 hours of randomization to the early revascularization (ERV) or initial medical stabilization (IMS) arms of the trial were submitted for quantitative assessment, and 169 were suitable for analysis. The 2 groups were similar in terms of clinical and early echocardiographic characteristics. Mean left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was 31%, and moderate or greater mitral regurgitation (MR) was noted in 39.1%. On multivariate analysis, the only independent predictors of survival were MR severity and LVEF. A survival benefit for the ERV strategy was observed at all levels of LVEF and MR. CONCLUSIONS: A wide range of cardiac structural and functional abnormalities exists in patients presenting with acute cardiogenic shock. Both short- and long-term mortality appear to be associated with initial left ventricular systolic function and MR as assessed by echocardiography, and a benefit of ERV is noted regardless of baseline LVEF or MR.
Michael H Picard; Ravin Davidoff; Lynn A Sleeper; Lisa A Mendes; Christopher R Thompson; Vladimir Dzavik; Richard Steingart; Ken Gin; Harvey D White; Judith S Hochman;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Circulation     Volume:  107     ISSN:  1524-4539     ISO Abbreviation:  Circulation     Publication Date:  2003 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-01-22     Completed Date:  2003-01-28     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0147763     Medline TA:  Circulation     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  279-84     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Massachusetts General Hospital and Harvard Medical School, Boston, Mass 02114, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Angioplasty, Transluminal, Percutaneous Coronary
Coronary Artery Bypass
Emergency Medical Services / methods*
Intra-Aortic Balloon Pumping
Myocardial Revascularization*
Shock, Cardiogenic / mortality,  therapy*,  ultrasonography*
Stroke Volume
Survival Rate
Thrombolytic Therapy
Time Factors
Treatment Outcome
Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / diagnosis,  etiology,  therapy
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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