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Echocardiographic findings in professional hockey players.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19633740     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Tissue Doppler imaging was used to evaluate the physiological and morphological response in athletes whose cardiac system must not only adapt to intense cardiovascular demands but also support sudden, transient changes in cardiac output. A total of 45 professional hockey players with a mean age of 24 years underwent a baseline transthoracic echocardiographic protocol after a typical morning workout; 12 healthy age- and gender-matched controls were evaluated as a means of comparison. The athletes in this study possessed larger left ventricular diastolic and systolic dimensions than the control group (5.5 +/- 0.4 vs 4.9 +/- 0.4 cm and 3.9 +/- 0.4 vs 3.3 +/- 0.4 cm, P < 0.0001). The increase in athletes' septal and posterior wall thickness was not substantial, nor was there a significant difference in left ventricular ejection fraction. The athletes demonstrated consistently larger left ventricular end-diastolic volume (196 +/- 34 vs 136 +/- 23 mL, P < 0.001) and end-systolic volume (87 +/- 20 vs 57 +/- 12 mL, P < 0.0001). They also had lower annular septal and lateral early diastolic and systolic tissue Doppler velocities compared with the control group. Thus, characteristic myocardial changes previously reported in elite athletes were also represented in professional hockey players. The lower left ventricular tissue Doppler velocities was a relatively unique finding and probably a consequence of lower postexertion preload levels compared with controls who were measured at rest.
Authors:
Poorya Fazel; Brad J Roberts; John Brooks; Paul A Graybum
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Proceedings (Baylor University. Medical Center)     Volume:  22     ISSN:  0899-8280     ISO Abbreviation:  Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent)     Publication Date:  2009 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-07-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9302033     Medline TA:  Proc (Bayl Univ Med Cent)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  218-20     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Department of Internal Medicine (Fazel, Brooks) and Division of Cardiology (Roberts, Grayburn), Baylor University Medical Center, Dallas, Texas.
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