Document Detail

Echocardiographic features of carcinoid heart disease.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7124634     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
We reviewed the records of the Mayo Clinic patients with known carcinoid syndrome in whom echocardiographic studies had been done. Nineteen patients had M-mode and 2-dimensional echocardiographic examinations, and 1 patient had an M-mode examination only. Of the 20 patients, 8 had no evidence by echocardiogram of carcinoid heart disease; 2 had changes in the tricuspid valve echogram suggestive of early carcinoid heart disease, and the other 10 patients had the following distinctive echocardiographic findings: (1) the pattern of right ventricular volume overload (enlarged right ventricle with abnormal septal motion); (2) abnormal right-sided valves, including (a) a striking appearance of the tricuspid valve, the leaflets appearing thickened, retracted, and fixed in a semiopen position throughout the cardiac cycle, and (b) thickened, retracted pulmonic valve cusps, when visualized; and (3) the left-sided valves and chambers rarely involved. These echocardiographic features are distinctive of advanced carcinoid heart disease and correlate closely with pathologic findings.
J A Callahan; E M Wroblewski; G S Reeder; W D Edwards; J B Seward; A J Tajik
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of cardiology     Volume:  50     ISSN:  0002-9149     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Cardiol.     Publication Date:  1982 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1982-12-02     Completed Date:  1982-12-02     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0207277     Medline TA:  Am J Cardiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  762-8     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Carcinoid Heart Disease / diagnosis*
Malignant Carcinoid Syndrome / diagnosis*
Middle Aged
Mitral Valve / physiology
Mitral Valve Prolapse / diagnosis
Pulmonary Valve / physiopathology
Radiography, Thoracic
Tricuspid Valve / physiopathology
Ventricular Function

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