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Echocardiographic factors discriminating biventricular versus univentricular approach in the foetus with borderline left ventricle.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25115769     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background: The term "borderline left ventricle" describes a small left heart that may be inadequate to provide systemic cardiac output and implies the potential need for a single-ventricle palliation. The aim of this study was to identify foetal echocardiographic features that help discriminate which infants will undergo single-ventricle palliation versus biventricular repair to aid in prenatal counselling. Methods: The foetal database at our institution was searched to identify all foetuses with borderline left ventricle, as determined subjectively by a foetal cardiologist, from 2000 to 2011. The foetal images were retrospectively analysed for morphologic and physiologic features to determine which best predicted the postnatal surgical choice. Results: Of 39 foetuses identified with borderline left ventricle, 15 were planned for a univentricular approach, and 24 were planned for a biventricular approach. There were significant differences between the two outcome groups in the Z-scores of the mitral valve annulus, left ventricular end-diastolic dimension, aortic valve annulus, and ascending aorta diameter (p<0.05). With respect to discriminating univentricular outcomes, cut-offs of mitral valve Z-score ⩽-1.9 and tricuspid:mitral valve ratio ⩾1.5 were extremely sensitive (100%), whereas a right:left ventricular end-diastolic dimension ratio ⩾2.1 provided the highest specificity (95.8%). Conclusion: In foetuses with borderline left ventricle, a mitral valve Z-score ⩾-1.9 or a tricuspid:mitral valve ratio ⩽1.5 suggests a high probability of biventricular repair, whereas a right:left ventricular end-diastolic dimension ratio ⩾2.1 confers a likelihood of single-ventricle palliation.
Authors:
David W Jantzen; Sarah K Gelehrter; Sunkyung Yu; Janet E Donohue; Carlen G Fifer
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-8-13
Journal Detail:
Title:  Cardiology in the young     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1467-1107     ISO Abbreviation:  Cardiol Young     Publication Date:  2014 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-8-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9200019     Medline TA:  Cardiol Young     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  1-10     Citation Subset:  -    
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