Document Detail


Echocardiographic characteristics of professional tennis players at the Roland Garros French Open.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17719301     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Intensive sport may induce cardiac modifications. No recent study has been performed in elite tennis players. The aim of this cross-sectional study was to analyze the cardiac characteristics in a population of professional tennis players. METHODS: During the 2004 French Open Tennis Tournament, we offered complete echocardiographic screening to all professional tennis players. The study population consisted of 160 subjects: 80 tennis players (50 men and 30 women) and age- and sex-matched control groups (n = 80). RESULTS: Indexed left ventricular mass was significantly higher in tennis players (P < .0001). Left ventricular hypertrophy was present in 18 male (36%) and 6 female (20%) tennis players versus 2 men (4%) and no woman in the control groups (P < .0001 and P = .02, respectively). All indexed right and left atrial measurements were significantly higher in tennis players (P < .003). The incidence of left and right atrial dilation was significantly higher in tennis players (P < or = .0001). Indexed right atrial area and left atrial volume were significantly higher in baseline players as compared with offensive players and to control groups (P < .0001), whereas there was no significant difference in left ventricular mass according to the style of play (P > .75). No significant between-group difference was observed in Doppler data. CONCLUSIONS: In the present study, professional tennis players presented significant cardiac differences, as compared to a control group, with moderate left ventricular hypertrophy, bilateral atrial dilation, and normal systolic and diastolic functions. Atrial dilation is related to the style of play (baseline or offensive) and should be considered as physiological in tennis players.
Authors:
Nicolas Mansencal; Dany-Michel Marcadet; Fabrice Martin; Bernard Montalvan; Olivier Dubourg
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American heart journal     Volume:  154     ISSN:  1097-6744     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. Heart J.     Publication Date:  2007 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-08-27     Completed Date:  2007-09-05     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370465     Medline TA:  Am Heart J     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  527-31     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Cardiology, University Hospital Ambroise Paré, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Boulogne, France. nicolas.mansencal@apr.ap-hop-paris.fr
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Cross-Sectional Studies
Echocardiography*
Female
Humans
Male
Tennis*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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