Document Detail


Echocardiographic assessment of global longitudinal right ventricular function in patients with an acute inferior ST elevation myocardial infarction and proximal right coronary artery occlusion.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25404083     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Right ventricular (RV) myocardial infarction (MI) is a frequent concomitant of an acute inferior MI. We set out to determine the diagnostic value of speckle tracking echocardiography in comparison with cardiac magnetic resonance (CMR) for RV stunning and scar prediction. 55 patients (66 ± 11 years) with an acute inferior ST elevation MI who underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) of an occlusion in the proximal right coronary artery were prospectively enrolled. An echocardiography was done on the day of presentation and on the 5th day thereafter. A CMR was subsequently performed 1 month after the MI. The CMR was used to differentiate between the group with RV scar (n = 26) and without RV scar (n = 29). RV peak systolic longitudinal strain (RV-LS) at presentation determined RV scar (-21.1 ± 5.1 % vs. -9.9 ± 4.6 %, p < 0.0001). The RV-LS correlated with the scar extent (r = 0.83, p < 0.0001). RV-LS > -15.8 % had a sensitivity of 92 % and a specificity of 83 % in RV scar prediction (AUC 0.93). RV-LS was superior to TAPSE and TDI in determining the presence of RV scar. According to RV-LS values at presentation and on the 5th day, 3 subgroups were defined: G1-normal deformation (RV-LS <-20 %), G2-RV stunning (baseline RV-LS >-20 %, 5th day RV-LS <-20 %) and G3-persistent RV dysfunction (unchanged RV-LS > -20 %). In G1, there was neither RV scar nor clinically relevant hypotension. In G2, 58 % of patients developed RV scar and 36 % had hypotension. In the G3, 83 % developed RV scar and 55 % had hypotension. The myocardial deformation analysis could provide an early prediction of RV scar. It allowed the patients to be divided into subgroups with normal RV function, stunning and persistent RV dysfunction.
Authors:
Martin Hutyra; Tomáš Skála; David Horák; Martin Köcher; Zbyněk Tüdös; Jana Zapletalová; Jan Přeček; Albert Louis; Aleš Smékal; Miloš Táborský
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-11-18
Journal Detail:
Title:  The international journal of cardiovascular imaging     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1875-8312     ISO Abbreviation:  Int J Cardiovasc Imaging     Publication Date:  2014 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-11-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100969716     Medline TA:  Int J Cardiovasc Imaging     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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