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Echocardiographic Evaluation of Asymptomatic Patients Affected by Rheumatoid Arthritis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23111649     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is associated with increased mortality and morbidity because of accelerated atherosclerosis. The study assessed the prevalence of left and right ventricle diastolic and systolic dysfunction in outpatients with RA. METHODS: The study included 93 outpatients with RA. In all patients and control group, echocardiographic conventional and tissue Doppler (TDI) studies were conducted. RESULTS: In the group of RA patients, we found high prevalence of left ventricular systolic and diastolic dysfunction and right diastolic dysfunction compared with controls (13.5% vs 5.5 %, 76.3% vs 48.8% and 41.9% vs 6.6%, respectively; P < 0.001).Rheumatoid arthritis patients and controls showed significant differences about mitral, tricuspid, and pulmonary flow velocity curves; tissue Doppler curves of the lateral and the septal myocardial walls of the left ventricle; and basal myocardial free wall of the right ventricle. There were not any correlations between inflammatory and functional disease parameters and variables of systolic and diastolic function. CONCLUSIONS: Our study shows a high prevalence of left ventricular systolic and diastolic dysfunction in a population of outpatients affected by rheumatoid arthritis.
Authors:
Enrico Vizzardi; Ilaria Cavazzana; Chiara Bazzani; Natalia Pezzali; Angela Ceribelli; Ivano Bonadei; Franco Franceschini; Antonio D'Aloia; Marco Metra; Angela Tincani; Livio Dei Cas
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-10-29
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of investigative medicine : the official publication of the American Federation for Clinical Research     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1708-8267     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Investig. Med.     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-10-31     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9501229     Medline TA:  J Investig Med     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
From the *Section of Cardiovascular Disease, Department of Applied Experimental Medicine, and †Rheumatology Unit and Chair, Spedali Civili, University of Brescia, Brescia, Italy.
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