Document Detail


Eating out of home and obesity: a Brazilian nationwide survey.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19433008     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The aim of the present study was to investigate the relationship between out-of-home (OH) eating and overweight and obesity among adults in Brazil. DESIGN: Data were based on the 2002-2003 Household Budget Survey (48,470 households) conducted by The Brazilian Census Bureau. Foods and drinks purchased for OH eating during a one-week period were recorded by each participant. We considered OH eating as the purchase of at least one food or drink item for OH consumption during this period. We classified items as: soft drinks, deep-fried snacks, fast foods, sweets and sit-down meals. SETTING: Urban areas in Brazil. SUBJECTS: 56,178 participants (26,225 men and 29,953 women), aged 25-65 years. RESULTS: The weighted prevalence of OH eating was 40.3 %. Overall, OH eating was positively associated with overweight (OR = 1.21; 95 % CI 1.10, 1.33) and obesity (OR = 1.35; 95 % CI 1.16, 1.57) among men, but not among women. Sit-down meals and soft drinks were the most frequently reported food groups. Both were positively associated with overweight (OR = 1.34 for meals; OR = 1.17 for soft drinks, P < 0.05) and obesity (OR = 1.51 for meals; OR = 1.39 for soft drinks, P < 0.05) among men, but negatively associated with overweight and obesity among women. CONCLUSIONS: OH eating was associated with overweight and obesity only among men, whereas, among women, eating sit-down meals out of home was protective for obesity, suggesting that women make healthier food choices when they eat out of home.
Authors:
Ilana Nogueira Bezerra; Rosely Sichieri
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-05-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Public health nutrition     Volume:  12     ISSN:  1475-2727     ISO Abbreviation:  Public Health Nutr     Publication Date:  2009 Nov 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-10-09     Completed Date:  2010-02-16     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9808463     Medline TA:  Public Health Nutr     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2037-43     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Epidemiology, Institute of Social Medicine, State University of Rio de Janeiro, Rua S?o Francisco Xavier 524, Bloco E, CEP 20550-012, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, Brazil. ilana@ims.uerj.br
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Aged
Brazil / epidemiology
Carbonated Beverages / adverse effects*
Diet / standards*
Diet Records
Diet Surveys
Fast Foods / adverse effects*
Female
Health Behavior*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Obesity / epidemiology,  etiology*
Odds Ratio
Overweight / epidemiology,  etiology*
Restaurants
Sex Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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