Document Detail

Eating disorders and pathological gambling in males: can they be differentiated by means of weight history and temperament and character traits?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22985236     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In the present study, we investigated whether binge/purge eating disorders (ED) and pathological gambling (PG) in males can be differentiated by means of weight history and temperament and character traits. We investigated 43 male ED patients, 46 pathological gamblers and 46 healthy controls (HC) by means of lifetime weight information and the Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised (TCI-R). The MANCOVA results showed that ED patients showed significantly more lifetime weight fluctuations compared with PG and HC after controlling for age. Additionally, both ED and PG patients showed significantly higher scores on Harm Avoidance and lower Self-Directedness compared with HC. Results of a multinomial logistic regression showed that ED versus HC membership was determined by more weight fluctuations and lower Self-Directedness; whereas ED versus PG membership was determined by more weight fluctuations. Finally, PG versus HC membership was characterized by more Harm Avoidance, Novelty Seeking, and Persistence, and less Self-directedness. Given that both patient groups were characterized by low levels of Self-Directedness (i.e., low levels of effortful or executive control), they can benefit from training in self-regulation; and in PG patients special attention needs to be given on the training of behavioral control in the presence of novel and rewarding stimuli.
Laurence Claes; Susana Jimenez-Murcia; Zaida Agüera; Isabel Sánchez; Juanjo Santamaría; Roser Granero; Fernando Fernández-Aranda
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Eating disorders     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1532-530X     ISO Abbreviation:  Eat Disord     Publication Date:  2012  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-18     Completed Date:  2013-02-06     Revised Date:  2013-09-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9315161     Medline TA:  Eat Disord     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  395-404     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Psychology, Catholic University of Leuven, Leuven, Belgium.
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MeSH Terms
Body Weight*
Case-Control Studies
Diagnosis, Differential
Eating Disorders / diagnosis*,  psychology
Gambling / diagnosis*,  psychology
Logistic Models
Middle Aged
Personality Inventory

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