Document Detail

Eating behavior and nutritional status in patients who underwent coronary angioplasty.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22566335     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: The identification of stages of dietary change and the factors affecting food choices can direct more effective nutritional intervention against coronary heart disease progression.
OBJECTIVE: Identify the stages of change of eating behavior and its relation with nutritional status, food consumption and previous cardiovascular events in patients who underwent coronary angioplasty.
METHODS: A cross-sectional study with 200 hospitalized patients from a specialized cardiology hospital, after elective coronary angioplasty. They were applied an algorithm that identifies the provision of change of eating habits for a healthier pattern. Variables measured were stages of change of eating behavior, nutritional status, food consumption and cardiovascular events (previous myocardial infarction or angioplasty). It was realized comparison of averages by analysis of variance or Student's test and Chi-square test for qualitative variables. Value of significance was taken at 5%.
RESULTS: The patients were classified in the following stages: 36% maintenance, 26% preparation, 17% precontemplation, 12% action and 9% contemplation. It was observed higher cardiovascular events in maintenance/action group (p = 0.04), higher consumption of calories (p = 0.04), meat/eggs (p = 0.01) and sweets (p = 0.03) in preparation stage, comparing to maintenance group, and no association between nutritional status and stages of change (p = 0.13), although 62% of the individuals in maintenance stage were overweight.
CONCLUSIONS: This work contributed to identifying the stages of change and conditions that favor changes in eating pattern. Even patients that classified themselves into the maintenance stage need to adjust their eating habits in order to reach a healthy weight.
L Proença Vieira; M Roberto Nobre; G Gonçalves de Queiroz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Nutrición hospitalaria     Volume:  27     ISSN:  1699-5198     ISO Abbreviation:  Nutr Hosp     Publication Date:    2012 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-05-08     Completed Date:  2012-08-30     Revised Date:  2013-07-02    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9100365     Medline TA:  Nutr Hosp     Country:  Spain    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  281-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Heart Institute (InCor), Hospital das Clínicas, Faculdade de Medicina, Universidade de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Angioplasty / psychology*
Body Mass Index
Body Weight
Cross-Sectional Studies
Educational Status
Energy Intake
Feeding Behavior / physiology*
Food Habits
Hypertension / complications
Middle Aged
Nutritional Status*
Obesity / complications
Socioeconomic Factors
Waist Circumference

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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