Document Detail

Early vascular complications of intraaortic balloon counterpulsation in patients undergoing open heart surgery.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19385464     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND AND OBJECTIVES: The use of IABP is helpful for haemodynamic stability of patients with low cardiac output and compromised left ventricular function in patients who undergo coronary artery bypass grafting. This procedure is also associated with some vascular complications due to the insertion of IABP. The objective of this research was to study the vascular complications in patients with IABP counterpulsation. We observed the clinical outcome of these patients with special reference to post IABP complications in our research. METHODS: One hundred and six consecutive patients were included in this study from August 2005 to February 2007. Mean age of patients was 58.08 +/- 1.814 years. Seventy nine patients (74.5%) were male and 29 (25.5%) were females. Out of these 106 patients, 101 were operated for CABG, one for angina due to aortic stenosis, two patients had ischemic mitral regurgitation and one patient had post infarct VSD. In 102 (96.2%) patients IABP was inserted percutaneously, one patient received transthoracic and in three patients IABP was inserted with open technique. Thirteen (12.3%) patients received IABP with sheath and 93 (87.7%) received IABP without sheath. RESULTS: Ten patients (9.4%) out of 106 developed vascular complications due to insertion of IABP. Seven patients (6.6%) had the major complications and 3 (2.8%) patients developed minor vascular complications. Mortality due to vascular complications in 106 patients was 8.49% with p < 0.005. CONCLUSION: IABP has remarkable beneficial effects in patients with haemodynamic instability due to myocardial ischemia and low cardiac output syndrome. At the same time IABP is related to significant morbidity and mortality related to vascular complications due to its insertion which include limb ischemia, limb loss and even mortality.
Waseem Riaz; Ahmad Shahbaz; Waqas Sami; Jawad Sajid Khan
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of Ayub Medical College, Abbottabad : JAMC     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1025-9589     ISO Abbreviation:  J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad     Publication Date:    2008 Apr-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-04-23     Completed Date:  2009-08-11     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8910750     Medline TA:  J Ayub Med Coll Abbottabad     Country:  Pakistan    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  80-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Cardiac Surgery, Punjab Institute of Cardiology, Lahore, Pakistan.
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MeSH Terms
Angina, Unstable / etiology,  surgery
Aortic Valve Stenosis / complications,  surgery
Cardiac Output, Low / etiology,  surgery*
Coronary Artery Bypass / adverse effects*
Extremities / blood supply
Intra-Aortic Balloon Pumping / adverse effects*,  methods*
Ischemia / etiology
Middle Aged
Mitral Valve Insufficiency / complications,  surgery
Myocardial Ischemia / etiology,  surgery*
Prospective Studies
Risk Factors
Ventricular Dysfunction, Left / complications

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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