Document Detail


Early speech-language impairment and risk for written language disorder: a population-based study.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23275057     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To compare risk of written language disorder (WLD) in children with and without speech-language impairment (S/LI) from a population-based cohort.
METHODS: Subjects included all children born between 1976 and 1982 in Rochester, Minnesota, who remained in the community after age 5 years (n = 5718). Records from public and private schools, medical agencies, and tutoring services were abstracted. S/LI was determined based on eligibility criteria for an individualized education plan. Incident cases of WLD were identified by research criteria using regression-based discrepancy, non-regression-based discrepancy, and low-achievement formulas applied to cognitive and academic achievement tests. Incidence of WLD (with or without reading disorder [RD]) was compared between children with and without S/LI. Associations were summarized using hazard ratios.
RESULTS: Cumulative incidence of WLD by age 19 years was significantly higher in children with S/LI than in children without S/LI. The magnitude of association between S/LI and WLD with RD was significantly higher for girls than for boys. This was not true for the association between S/LI and WLD without RD.
CONCLUSIONS: Risk for WLD is significantly increased among children with S/LI compared with children without S/LI based on this population-based cohort. Early identification and intervention for children at risk for WLD could potentially influence academic outcomes.
Authors:
Ruth E Stoeckel; Robert C Colligan; William J Barbaresi; Amy L Weaver; Jill M Killian; Slavica K Katusic
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of developmental and behavioral pediatrics : JDBP     Volume:  34     ISSN:  1536-7312     ISO Abbreviation:  J Dev Behav Pediatr     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-12-31     Completed Date:  2013-06-28     Revised Date:  2014-09-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8006933     Medline TA:  J Dev Behav Pediatr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  38-44     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Child
Child, Preschool
Cohort Studies
Dyslexia / etiology
Educational Status
Female
Humans
Language Disorders / etiology*
Language Tests
Male
Proportional Hazards Models
Risk Factors
Sex Factors
Speech Disorders / complications*
Young Adult
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
HD029745/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 AG034676/AG/NIA NIH HHS; R01 AG034676/AG/NIA NIH HHS; R01 HD029745/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD029745-04/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
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From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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