Document Detail

Early spay-neuter: clinical considerations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12476815     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Early spay-neuter is ovariohysterectomy or castration of puppies or kittens 6 to 14 weeks of age. Pediatric animals may have an enhanced response to relatively low doses of anesthetic agents. Animals should be fasted no more than 3 to 4 hours before surgery to prevent hypoglycemia, and hypothermia should be avoided. Heart and respiratory rates must be monitored carefully throughout anesthesia. Pediatric gonadectomy surgeries are quick with minimal bleeding. Anesthetic recovery is rapid. No significant short-term or long-term effects have been reported. Prepuberal gonadectomy is most useful for humane organizations and conscientious breeders wishing to preclude reproduction of pet dogs and cats while placing animals at a young enough age to optimize socialization and training.
Margaret V Root Kustritz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical techniques in small animal practice     Volume:  17     ISSN:  1096-2867     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Tech Small Anim Pract     Publication Date:  2002 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2002-12-12     Completed Date:  2002-12-27     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9806359     Medline TA:  Clin Tech Small Anim Pract     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  124-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Small Animal Clinical Sciences, University of Minnesota College of Veterinary Medicine, 1352 Boyd Avenue, St. Paul, MN 55108, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Anesthesia / veterinary
Animals, Newborn
Cats / physiology,  surgery*
Dogs / physiology,  surgery*
Orchiectomy / methods,  veterinary*
Ovariectomy / methods,  veterinary*

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