Document Detail

Early seizures after intracerebral hemorrhage predict drug-resistant epilepsy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25476693     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Seizures are a common complication after an intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) and the epilepsy might even be drug resistant. It is not known which factors determine the treatment response in post-ICH epilepsy. We included ICH patients retrospectively who survived at least the first 7 days, in the period from 2004 to 2009 and assessed seizure occurrence up to May 2013. We defined early seizures (ES) as seizures occurring within the first 7 days after the ICH, and late seizures (LS) as seizures occurring later than 7 days after the ICH. We defined drug-resistant epilepsy as a non-response to two adequately chosen and dosed drug regimens. In 857 patients surviving at least 7 days after ICH 69 (8.1 %), patients developed ES whereas LS occurred in 84 (9.8 %) subjects. Patients with ES had higher odds to develop LS, as compared to patients without ES [OR 3.4; 95 % confidence interval (CI) 2.1-5.6]. Drug-resistant post-ICH epilepsy occurred in 19 patients (22.6 %). The most important independent risk factor was the occurrence of ES (OR 3.0; 95 %-CI 1.1-8.4). ES are the main independent risk factor for the development of LS and for the development of drug-resistant epilepsy. Thus, ES might hallmark the start of chronic epilepsy after intracerebral hemorrhage and are not to be considered of no significance.
Bianca T A de Greef; Floris H B M Schreuder; Mariëlle C G Vlooswijk; A H C M L Schreuder; Fergus A Rooyer; Robert J van Oostenbrugge; Rob P W Rouhl
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-12-5
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of neurology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1432-1459     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Neurol.     Publication Date:  2014 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-12-5     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  2014-12-6    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0423161     Medline TA:  J Neurol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
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