Document Detail


Early rehabilitation for unilateral peripheral vestibular disorders: a prospective, randomized investigation using computerized posturography.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22310838     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Patients with unilateral vestibular lesions have a set of deficits requiring compensation based on the inherent plasticity of the central nervous system. In the 1940s, it was reported that patients with unilateral vestibular dysfunctions who exercised recovered faster than those who did not. The present prospective, randomized investigation aimed to assess the role of a computerized posturography-assisted early vestibular rehabilitation protocol combined with a home-based exercise program in the treatment of patients with unilateral peripheral vestibular disorders occurring 2 weeks previously. Fifteen patients were randomly assigned to a 5-week posturography-assisted vestibular rehabilitation protocol and a home-based exercise program (Group A), while 15 simply awaited spontaneous compensation (Group B). All patients underwent computerized posturography approximately 2 weeks after their vestibular disorder was diagnosed and again after 6 weeks. Ten healthy volunteers were also studied (Group C). After rehabilitation, Group A patients improved significantly in most sensory measures [modified clinical test of sensory organization and balance (mCTSIB)] and motor parameters [limits of stability (LOS)] by comparison with preliminary outcomes, and there were no significant differences in sensory (mCTSIB) and motor (LOS) findings between Group A and the healthy volunteers. At the same time point, several motor (LOS) parameters were still altered in Group B by comparison with the healthy volunteers. These preliminary outcomes support the hypothesis that the compensation achievable after 6 weeks with a customized program of posturography-assisted vestibular rehabilitation and home-based exercises is superior to the results of physiological spontaneous compensation.
Authors:
Gino Marioni; Salvatore Fermo; Davide Zanon; Nadia Broi; Alberto Staffieri
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2012-02-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  European archives of oto-rhino-laryngology : official journal of the European Federation of Oto-Rhino-Laryngological Societies (EUFOS) : affiliated with the German Society for Oto-Rhino-Laryngology - Head and Neck Surgery     Volume:  270     ISSN:  1434-4726     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-02-01     Completed Date:  2013-08-01     Revised Date:  2013-08-27    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9002937     Medline TA:  Eur Arch Otorhinolaryngol     Country:  Germany    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  425-35     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Otolaryngology Section, Department of Neurosciences, University of Padova, Padova, Italy. gino.marioni@unipd.it
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Diagnosis, Computer-Assisted
Exercise Therapy*
Female
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Posture*
Vestibular Diseases / diagnosis*,  rehabilitation*
Vestibular Function Tests*
Young Adult
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Laryngorhinootologie. 2013 Jul;92(7):450-1

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