Document Detail

Early programming of the IGF-I axis: negative association between IGF-I in infancy and late adolescence in a 17-year longitudinal follow-up study of healthy subjects.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18662893     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: IGF-I is a major regulator of growth, influenced primarily by diet in infancy and primarily by GH in childhood. Breastfed infants have lower IGF-I levels compared to formula fed and tend to be shorter. The higher protein content of infant formula has a stimulatory effect on IGF-I production. Conversely, studies suggest that later in childhood, those breastfed are taller and have higher IGF-I levels. Therefore, it has been suggested that the IGF-I axis may be programmed by diet during infancy. The association between IGF-I in infancy and later life is not known. OBJECTIVE: To examine the association between IGF-I in infancy and adolescence. DESIGN: Infants (109) from the observational Copenhagen cohort study. METHODS: Serum-IGF-I was measured during infancy (2, 6, and 9 months) and at follow-up at 17 years. Associations were examined by correlation tests and linear regression controlling for gender, breastfeeding, and other covariates. Likelihood ratio test based on residual log likelihood was applied for analysis including all measurements during infancy. RESULTS: There was an inverse association between IGF-I at 9 months and 17 years (r=-0.39, P=0.014, and n=40). A 1 ng/ml higher IGF-I concentration at 9 months corresponded to 0.95 ng/ml lower IGF-I concentration at 17 years. IGF-I levels at 2 and 6 months were not significantly associated with IGF-I at 17 years, but the estimated directions were negative. These associations were not changed when adjusted for breastfeeding and other covariates except IGF-I at 2 months which was significantly negatively associated with IGF-I at 17 years (P=0.030) corresponding to a 0.96 ng/ml lower IGF-I concentration at 17 years per ng/ml IGF-I at 2 months. Inclusion of all measurements during infancy showed a negative association with 17-year values (r=-0.26, P=0.043, and n=109). CONCLUSION: The results support the hypothesis that the IGF-I axis can be programmed early in life.
Anni Larnkjaer; Helga K Ingstrup; Lene Schack-Nielsen; Camilla Hoppe; Christian Mølgaard; Ib M Skovgaard; Anders Juul; Kim F Michaelsen
Related Documents :
12439133 - Weighing preterm infants before & after breastfeeding: does it increase maternal confid...
20617343 - Breastfeeding protects against acute gastroenteritis due to rotavirus in infants.
4413853 - Infants, children, and informed consent.
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2008-07-26
Journal Detail:
Title:  Growth hormone & IGF research : official journal of the Growth Hormone Research Society and the International IGF Research Society     Volume:  19     ISSN:  1532-2238     ISO Abbreviation:  Growth Horm. IGF Res.     Publication Date:  2009 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-02-02     Completed Date:  2009-07-10     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9814320     Medline TA:  Growth Horm IGF Res     Country:  Scotland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  82-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Human Nutrition, Faculty of Life Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Frederiksberg C, Denmark.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Age Factors
Follow-Up Studies
Insulin-Like Growth Factor I / physiology*
Longitudinal Studies
Reg. No./Substance:
67763-96-6/Insulin-Like Growth Factor I

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Retrievable biliary stent-graft in the treatment of benign biliary strictures.
Next Document:  1H MRS identifies symptomatic and asymptomatic subjects with partial ornithine transcarbamylase defi...