Document Detail


Early milk feeding influences taste acceptance and liking during infancy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19605570     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: We identified a model system that exploits the inherent taste variation in early feedings to investigate food preference development.
OBJECTIVE: The objective was to determine whether exposure to differing concentrations of taste compounds in milk and formulas modifies acceptance of exemplars of the 5 basic taste qualities in a familiar food matrix. Specifically, we examined the effects of consuming hydrolyzed casein formulas (HCFs), which have pronounced bitter, sour, and savory tastes compared with breast milk (BM) and bovine milk-based formulas (MFs), in which these taste qualities are weaker.
DESIGN: Subgroups of BM-, MF- and HCF-fed infants, some of whom were fed table foods, were studied on 6 occasions to measure acceptance of sweet, salty, bitter, savory, sour, and plain cereals.
RESULTS: In infants not yet eating table foods, the HCF group ate significantly more savory-, bitter-, and sour-tasting and plain cereals than did the BM or MF groups. HCF infants displayed fewer facial expressions of distaste while eating the bitter and savory cereals, and they and BM infants were more likely to smile while they were eating the savory cereal. In formula-fed infants eating table foods, preferences for the basic tastes reflected the types of foods they were being fed. In general, those infants who ate more food displayed fewer faces of distaste.
CONCLUSIONS: The type of formula fed to infants has an effect on their response to taste compounds in cereal before solid food introduction. This model system of research investigation sheds light on sources of individual differences in taste and perhaps cultural food preferences.
Authors:
Julie A Mennella; Catherine A Forestell; Lindsay K Morgan; Gary K Beauchamp
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2009-07-15
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  90     ISSN:  1938-3207     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Clin. Nutr.     Publication Date:  2009 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-08-21     Completed Date:  2009-09-29     Revised Date:  2014-09-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376027     Medline TA:  Am J Clin Nutr     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  780S-788S     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Analysis of Variance
Animals
Caseins*
Facial Expression
Female
Food Preferences*
Humans
Infant
Infant Behavior*
Infant Formula / chemistry*
Male
Milk
Milk, Human / chemistry*
Questionnaires
Taste Perception*
Grant Support
ID/Acronym/Agency:
R01 HD037119/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01 HD037119-07/HD/NICHD NIH HHS; R01HD37119/HD/NICHD NIH HHS
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Caseins
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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